Dogfood

Everything you need to know about kibble for dogs

What is the best dogfood? Who of us dog owners never asked: what is the best way to feed my dog? The proper nutrition is definitely the most important thing for our faithful companion grow healthily and well balanced.

  • Industrial X Homemade Feed ration
  • Why veterinarians claim that the ration is the best option for the dogs?
  • Industrialized feed options for dogs
  • When the feed?
  • How is the dry ration?
  • There are differences in nutritional quality according to the lines of rations?
  • Feed specific to the needs of each dog
  • What are the benefits of feeding your dog with industrial feed?
  • What are the disadvantages to feed your dog with industrial feed?
  • What are the best brands of dry feed for dogs?
  • Here are some brands of rations with high quality proposal in Brazil:
  • Here are some brands of rations with high quality proposal in Portugal:
  • Wet diet for dogs and canned foods
  • It is recommended to offer only canned food for my dog?
  • As produced canned rations for dogs?
  • As canine cookies are made?
  • Feed for dogs – final thoughts

Nowadays, it is estimated that both in Portugal and in Brazil, more than half of the families have at home at least a pet (dog, cat, or other pet). In this article let’s talk to you about the various types of dog food available on the market.

Industrial X Homemade Feed ration

It is natural for you to be in doubt about what is the best way to feed your dog, after all, you care about the quality of food you are offering to your dog. It’s hard to say that there is a diet that is recommended for your dog, because you will have to examine very particular factors to make this decision. Many of us believe that the only correct way to feed your dog is through processed foods, however, another group of people believes that health food is a better option.

Industrialized food, is specially formulated to meet the nutritional needs of dogs, and we can highlight a number of advantages of this type of food, especially if one compares to homemade food, based on food scraps.

When we talk about natural nutrition for dogs, or natural diet for dogs, we are speaking of a natural food based on fresh and natural ingredients, preferably organic, specially prepared for canine consumption. Dogs cannot be fed with many of the ingredients that are present in our food supply, some of these foods can be very harmful to the health of dogs. So, for some people who do not have time to prepare food suitable for canine consumption, industrialized food may be the best option for your dog.

It’s almost unanimous opinion among veterinarians, that offer a dry food, that is, an industrial feed is the best solution for your four-legged friend.

Why most veterinarians claim that industrial food is the best option for the dogs?

With the rush of everyday life, for many people, it’s not so easy to provide the time needed to prepare your puppy’s food optimally. Dogs cannot eat leftover food prepared to your family consumption. The ingestion of inappropriate foods for canine consumption can cause health problems from more simple, like gastrointestinal discomforts to more important problems like intoxication; You can take your dog to death.

For this reason, as a large proportion of families can’t prepare your dog food, industrial food is still considered a most suitable power supply for dogs; compared to a base power of leftovers, that is, with the same food that you eat.

We talk a lot about food here in the Blog of the Dog, if you are interested in knowing a little more about the raç and natural nutrition for dogs visit the articles below:

  • Dogs feel like?
  • The dangers of dogfood
  • 10 recipes for dog
  • The dangers of food supplements for dogs
  • Balancing a diet based on industrialized feed

In any case, always remember that, if you have any questions about how to feed your dog, the best person to clear up on your feed dog is a veterinarian.

Many veterinarians, as Dr. Sylvia Angelic Green Dog blog, are adherents of natural food for dogs. If you are interested in offering a food prepared especially for your dog, my tip is that you look for veterinarians or nutritionists specialize in animal diet, to learn how to can and should be made the natural diet for your pet.

The intention of this article is not dictate rules saying what is right and what is wrong in time to feed your dog. Searched just draw a comparison between the canine food options on the market. This way you can find an option that can meet the need of your dog food and that matches your financial availability versus time.

Industrialized feed options for dogs

There are basically two different approaches of rations for dogs

  • Dry Ration (so-called nuggets); is considered dry food any product developed for dogs, whose moisture content does not exceed 14%. This low humidity level ensures a good storage of food, provided that certain precautions are taken in the store (away from heat, moisture and rodents).
  • Wet Ration (canned kibble, kibble, canned, frozen and gourmet ration ration); is considered wet ration, all prepared food for dogs that have more than 20% humidity. Wet end rations for dogs allow the owners combine products from many different aspects. The different feeds end up becoming in many cases complementary feedingstuffs, being offered daily, or eventually. The variations of canned rations, are manufactured in the form of a folder, or different types of meat to the sauce, are widely used for mixing the dry foods, making dry rations more palatable and tasty to dogs. Especially those that have a clear preference for moist foods. You’ll also find the wet variation of processed foods, frozen or vacuum feed rations, this kind of food provides a nutritional quality and palatability very similar to homemade diet.

When the feed?

The kibble for dogs appeared in the mid-1800. In 1890 the Spratt ´ s was the first manufacturer of processed foods for dogs. Consisted of a flour-based food, meat and vegetables in the form of cookies and so at that time, the canine cookies were associated with dog food. In fact, this was not a nutritious food and serving as a complement to handmade ration (home cooking). After the first world war, canned foods, with the intention of offering a more complete nutrition for dogs. It was only in early 1950 when General Mills incorporated Spratt ´ ‘s dog food industry begins to take body. In that period the sector registers a volume of more than 200 million dollars in sale of rations in the United States. At this time, various brands begin to return your eyes to this slice of the market and start the production of food. In Brazil the rations they take a longer time to appear. Only in the late 1960 the Dogfood begins to be popularized around the world.
Also read:

  • How did the Dogfood
  • The story ration for dogs

How is the dry ration?

Extruded food has emerged on the market, more or less at the end of 60 years. The manufacturing process, called “extrusion cooking”, is made with a high-performance equipment that uses a super stirrer and a giant tab with extension of several meters.

The first phase of the preparation of the feed, as in any kitchen is the weighing and separation of ingredients used in the recipe. The following foods are crushed and homogenizados. The process is to make the mixture Cook like any traditional cuisine, in a special kind of “cooking pot” that uses steam heated previously, making the foods are cooked before passing it through a machine will give you the desired shape.

The sudden change of air mixture strongly compressed, ensures the gelatinization, which will then cause the food is digested by the dog, due to the extrusion cooking. Finally, the nuggets are dried, and undergo a process of flavorização which gives flavor and an appropriate content of fat from the grain.

The raw materials used to manufacture the various types of food for dogs are not very different. Thus, in the composition of the ration dry the animals used are protein (meat, fish meal and bone), vegetable protein (soy), cereals (maize, rice and wheat), both animal and vegetable fats, minerals, trace elements and vitamins.

For manufacture of dry food is not allowed however, incorporate more than 15% fat in the final composition of the product, which can be a limiting factor in the production of dry food for more specific instructions, as for example, in the case of foods designed specifically for dogs.

There are differences in nutritional quality according to the lines of rations?

Yes, there are significant differences in nutritional quality of feed according to the line. The companies specializing in canine power seeking to develop rations for different audiences. The cost of a dog food with high quality content, implies a final figure higher. However, it is not just the quality of the products depends on the feed lines. You’ll find products for castrated animals, aimed at weight control, food rations developed exclusively to meet specific needs each race, food developed to suit the levels of activity and age of each dog. Are also produced specific foods for dogs living indoors, for puppies and dogs to dogs with health problems that require a proper diet for your medical condition.

Feed specific to the needs of each dog

Canine foods are produced according to the physical need and energy level that dogs need. So the factories of dogfood develop variations of its products, separated them by categories.

As the dogs have a large variation in size among them, there is also the concern to adapt the sizes of grains to the size of each breed and size of dog. So in General, you’ll find on the market, variations in virtually all product lines, i.e. the Standard Super Premium, the following presentations:

  • Dog food for Puppies,
  • Dog food for adult dogs,
  • Elderly Dogs feed (senior).

All these dog food categories are further subdivided in specific foods for dogs of different sizes:

  • Feed for small breeds,
  • Medium Breeds, feed
  • Ration for Large Breeds.

Understand what are the differences between the food according to the phases of the life of the dog and what are the differences between the standard lines, maintenance, premium and super premium.:

o    Dog food for puppies:

The rations for puppies are foods designed specifically to meet the nutritional needs of puppies and are indicated, in General, for animals up to a year to live. Some of these products are distributed in different versions, often with specific indication for the age, weight and size of the puppy. The main differences between this type of feed and food for adult dogs are the amount of nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, which are adjusted according to the age of each dog.

As the Dogs Puppies require different levels of calcium and phosphorus, among other nutrients, the administration of this type of food is essential to the optimal development of most breeds of dogs.

Feed for Dogs Puppies are foods designed especially for puppies. Are generally richer in calcium, vitamins and proteins, with the purpose to ensure a muscular development and bone, perfect for the Cubs.

o    Senior line feed (dogs):

The Senior line feeds are foods designed specifically to meet the nutritional needs of dogs with more than 7 years of age, in the case of larger dogs and dogs with more than 9 years in the case of smaller dogs. Some of these products are distributed in different versions, often with specific indication for internal environments, overweight dogs with joint problems. The main differences between this type of feed and food for adult dogs is the amount of nutrients, such as Chondroitin, and antioxidants.

The ingredients of the food from the senior line for dogs are made with more complete formulas, and nutritional levels much more suitable. There is greater concern on the part of manufacturers, with the origin of the products used in your preparation, in order to promote significant differences to the final consumer. In general the food for older dogs are produced as Premium and Super Premium foods and for this reason they also consume a much smaller amount of food and feeling satisfied, the level of carbohydrates is a bit more limited and therefore the use of food is greater, making the stool with a smaller volume. The focus of this feed line is the health, longevity and greater quality of life, however the values are among the highest in the market.

o    Standard line or maintenance ration:

It is the most basic line of foods for dogs. The standard line feeds/maintenance, provide an elaborate diet with low-cost products of lesser quality. The ingredients contained in ration formulation can be variables. The dogs consume a greater quantity of food to feel satisfied, the feed contains a greater amount of carbohydrates and so the use of food is low, causing the stool with a large volume. The focus of this feed line is the low cost.

o    Premium line feed:

This is a line of foods that have a higher protein content. The Premium line, provide rations the dogs a diet prepared with products of higher quality and higher cost. The ingredients contained in ration formulation are more complete and balanced nutritional levels. The ingredients contained in the formulation of Premium feed, are more controlled and there is no variation in the formula of the product. The dogs consume less amount of food to feel satisfied, the food contains a smaller amount of carbohydrates and so the use of feed is increased, causing the stool with a smaller volume. The focus of this feed line is the cost-benefit ratio, but the value is higher.

o    Super Premium line feed:

Without doubt the Super Premium line feeds have a more suitable content of protein. Super Premium line rations, offer the dogs a diet prepared with high-quality products and even higher cost. The ingredients of the Super Premium food for dogs are made with more complete formulas, and nutritional levels much more suitable. There is greater concern on the part of manufacturers, with the origin of the products used in your preparation, in order to promote significant differences to the final consumer. The dogs consume a much smaller amount of food and feeling satisfied, the feed contains a much smaller amount of carbohydrates and so the use of food is greater, making the stool with a smaller volume. The focus of this feed line is the health, longevity and greater quality of life, however the values are among the highest in the market.

o    Light ration for dogs:

The CHOW light is designed to meet the nutritional needs of a group of dogs who are suffering due to excess weight. This feed is indicated also for dogs who have a very sedentary life (typically apartment dogs), or for animals that are exercising less, due to age, the only caveat to this product is not to be offered to pregnant or lactating females. The ingredients used in this type of food has the proposal to promote weight loss without interfering in the taste of food, prepared with quality proteins, aimed at reducing the levels of fat, by downloading this way the calories of the final product. The value of the feed dog light is compatible with the value of the Premium and Super Premium feed, also result in a reduced volume of stool. Today the vast majority of manufacturers, already offer this line of rations.

o    Dog food for neutered dogs:

Food for neutered dogs is indicated, as its name suggests, to animals after castration surgery. When dogs are neutered, it is important to weight control, because due to behavior change resulting from castration, many animals neutered can become less active. The ingredients contained in these products are high quality, formulated to provide high levels of protein and fat levels, without reducing the flavor and nutritional quality. Food for neutered dogs have values compatible to Premium and Super Premium feed for dogs and also result in a reduced volume of stool. Some companies manufacture light ration lines and ration for neutered dogs separated, other combine the products. Still, companies that manufacture the product light in their Premium food lines, and food for neutered dogs in their Super Premium food lines.

o    Ration for specific breeds:

The race-specific feed line aims to offer special benefits with the intention of preventing possible health problems that are usually observed in a group of dogs of the same breed. Another feature of this food is to combine the technology in order to increase the performance of a specific group of dogs, through a more balanced and proper nutrition to provide these animals the ingredients he needs to stay healthy and with a distinctive appearance. The ingredients contained in this product line specific breeds is of high quality. The values are similar to those of Super Premium foods, and may be even higher. There is a concern with the shape of the grains, which are developed for the perfect bite of each race. This product demonstrates a concern with the right levels of trace elements which guarantee for more beautiful and healthy skin. In breeds that have a higher joint wear, the food rations make up for this problem including Chondroitin and Glucosamine formula. Is a very interesting product for dogs. The race-specific feed contains levels of vitamins and proteins in proper proportions to your dog, reduces the volume of stool and focuses on the longevity and health of the consumer.

o    Internal feed:

The feed line for indoor environments can be quite diverse. You can find versions of this product for puppies, adult and senior dogs. The ingredient that promotes reducing the smell of feces is the yucca extract. The yucca is a species of plant that lives in the desert of Mexico. When used in animal nutrition, promotes a decrease of up to 56% in the odor of feces of dogs. The feed made with yucca can still provide some benefits to the health of dogs who feed her regularly. The Yucca promotes the protozoa control inside the intestines and reduces joint pain in cases of dogs with arthritis, also increases the immune system and reduces blood cholesterol. In General, this feed line is associated with the line of Super Premium food with values greater than or equal. Is a product of high quality, very well balanced with quality ingredients. In versions for senior dogs you still care with Chondroitin and Glucosamine added in the formula, with the intention to minimize joint problems. The product focus is to reduce the odor from feces of animals living in the House and promote longevity by keeping the feed flavor nice and offering quality of life to the end consumer.

o    Medical line feed:

The medicinal feed lines are developed with focus to give special support to each specific health problem. This line of foods has a proposal to offer the patient a dog food that is the treatment of disease in a supporting role. These rations in fact do not have medicines in your formulation, but yes, special ingredients that aim to improve the quality of life of animals with health problems, replacing or adding elements as needed. Traditional versions of medicinal food for dogs are: dogfood with kidney problems, allergic dogs, dogs with heart problems, with gastrointestinal problems. You still feed for diabetic dogs, for dogs with vesical calculus and overweight dogs. In general the rations medical line should only be used when prescribed by a veterinarian. The focus of this line of products is to provide quality of life to dogs affected by certain diseases. The quality of the products used in this feed line is very similar to the Super Premium feed and the value is usually higher.

What are the benefits of feeding your dog with industrial feed?

    • The dry ration is economical.
    • Practical and easy to use: you don’t have any work, just keep permanently fresh water available and serve to feed twice a day.
    • Most dogs, fits this power willingly.
    • Makes it easy to share meals throughout the day, allowing the dog never has a very large amount of food in the stomach.
    • The beans also promote a positive effect with regard to oral hygiene.
    • The digestibility tends to be satisfactory.
    • Dry food is easy to be stored, you only need to prepare it in a place free from heat and humidity.

What are the disadvantages to feed your dog with industrial feed?

    • For many dogs food once dry can be unattractive, due to your texture.
    • Dogs in general prefer a diet moist and warm if possible.
    • For some dogs the palatability of dry products is the main problem and so it may be necessary to associate a dry ration dog food canned
    • Some dogs may be intolerant to compounds used in feed formulas, showing various allergic problems; as rhinitis, gastricdisorders, skin allergies, among others.

What are the best brands of dry feed for dogs?

Whenever possible try to buy your dog ration in specialist shops. In General, these stores have a greater diversity of brands and certainly work with high-quality foods. If this is your first purchase, prefer to go physically to a feed store and talk to the seller for him to talk to you a little bit about each brand. Usually the sellers receive qualified training and are a great option for you to ask questions about which brand to choose for your dog food. Among the many brands on the market the most traditional and can be found at global scope are:

  • Hills
  • Farmina dog food
  • Royal Canin
  • Pro Plan
  • Eukanuba

Here are some brands of rations with high quality proposal in Brazil:

  • Hills
  • Farmina dog food (the Farmina N & D has an interesting food proposal, with Italian recipe, N & D food is prepared without GMO products and no carbs)
  • Royal Canin
  • Pro Plan
  • Eukanuba
  • Premier Pet

Here are some brands of rations with high quality proposal in Portugal:

  • Creators (manufactured in Spain with 100% of the ingredients fit for human consumption)
  • Summum (Craftwork made in Spain, with 100% of the ingredients fit for human consumption, is also re-hidratável and appearance of homemade food. Is a ration made into a food mill for humans.)
  • Luponatural con Aquamin (manufactured in Spain, elaborate feed 100% with non-GM crops without artificial chemical additives or synthetic vitamins.)
  • Petnature Portugal
  • Arcana
  • Orijen
  • Gran Nutran Free
  • Nutro Natural Choice Dog
  • Markus-Mühle Black Angus
  • Farmina dog food N & D (the D & N Farmina has an interesting food proposal, with Italian recipe, N & D food is prepared without GMO products and no carbs)
  • Hills
  • Royal Canin
  • Pro Plan
  • Eukanuba

Wet diet for dogs and canned foods

In the mid-‘ 90, came to market a different type of dog food, the famous wet canned food. This type of dog food can be stored with great ease, and enables feed dogs and cats with ease and in an appropriate manner. Canned foods conquered quickly your place in the market, currently more than half of dog owners already use canned foods to feed their dogs at least once a week.

The dog food industry still has ample strategic possibilities to raise these figures, the growth rate in sales exceeds 10% per year. Wet and dry foods really don’t compete with each other, because they are often associated with and bought respectively in order to increase the flavor dry food. In the global market of pet food, the food is labelled as wet food, when the moisture of feed rate is higher than 20%, these foods are generally complete and elements can be offered as an exclusive diet. But in General, are used. The presentation of these products is usually canned; preserved, containing pieces of processed meat to the sauce. You can find variations of wet food for dogs, mostly in Europe, in the form of prepared meals; chilled or frozen. What is far less common in Brazil. The growth of this sector, has been showing very promising in the world and the trend is that Brazil follow this path, which today in Europe, moves more than a billion Euros per year; with an effective growth of more than 6% a year.

At the moment the damp food sector for dogs, in a way, it is still concentrated among large multinationals. Most wet diets are designed in canned form and in the form of processed foods. Only a few small producers, essentially, are trying to venture through this sector, developing a homemade diet frozen or vacuum, with a design closer to a homemade food and wet. In the USA the market of natural frozen diets have received a great deal of interest from the public and has been demonstrating promising rates of development.

We found 5 brands of wet food with interesting proposals available in the Brazilian market, they are:

  • Pet Delight: with canned and frozen options
  • Petchef: with option of natural food for dogs in vacuum packaging
  • Her Pet Cuisine: with option of natural food for dogs in vacuum packaging
  • Pet Food: deliver the portions already packed in pots
  • Caseirinha: with option of natural food for dogs in vacuum packaging

It is recommended to offer only canned food for my dog?

The dogs are great companions but can also exercise an important function, as guardians and protectors. Currently more and more every day, the demand for small dogs is higher and the reduction in size of the dogs promotes a shift in concern with the amount of food. Big dogs, require a large amount of feed, which makes it prohibitive to feed it with a canned food. However, the Pack canned dog food, can in fact promote, fixed doses of food for a small dog. Already for large breeds, the cost becomes prohibitive and generally people end up choosing to combine the products in order to make dry food more appealing.

Anyway, in theory, the design of the canned food is to meet the daily nutritional needs of dogs.

Wet canned foods are available in several varieties, including beef, chicken, fish and cereals. Are complete and balanced highly attractive food for dogs and cats and extremely convenient for owners. The most appreciated are those that contain little or no grain and are presented in pieces of meat or fish with sauce.

You will also find a wide variety of canned rations to meet specific needs, ranging from baby foods until weaning foods for dogs with stomach problems and anorexia among others.

The digestibility of canned food is very good, the meats, as fish have a mild spice and a soft texture providing a good palatability. It is possible to feed a dog with these type of canned rations satisfactorily. However for feeding animals of medium and large-sized can be uneconomical.

As produced canned rations for dogs?

The canned food for dogs are safe products with a long life, does not require any special storage conditions. They are usually produced by grinding and mixing the basic ingredients, with addition of gelatin with the subsequent sealing of the product in a can. The process involves the combination of time, temperature and pressure of steam, which can vary according to the size of the container and heat transfer characteristics of each recipe, but they are enough to kill bacteria. The loss of nutritional elements is minimal, with the exception of thiamine that is particularly sensitive to heat, and for this reason it is added later in sufficient quantities to maintain the required levels.

As canine cookies are made?

Canine cookies should not be considered as a complete food for dogs, are to be offered snacks occasionally and in small quantities. When a dog eats too much, I may end up getting fatter and the worse of all is that you won’t have so much interest in the diet. Canine cookies, were the first food industries manufactured specifically for our pets. The recipes vary widely from one brand to another. The dough is made traditionally the flour base is processed into a Kneader, where are added ground wheat, wheat flour, sometimes ground corn, or corn starch. You can have chicken by-products meal or sometimes meat, broken rice, some kind of stabilized animal fats, sugar, salt, can contain any type of vegetable, calcium carbonate, vitamin premix, colorings, flavorings, antioxidants and preservatives of various types, etc. The cookies are made with a mould, roasts and bagged to be marketed. These cookies Unlike homemade canine cookies, have a long durability. Nowadays there is an incredible diversity of biscuits for dogs available for all kinds of tastes.

Feed for dogs – final thoughts

When I did the research to write this article, I was grateful to see that surprises generally already exists in the international market a strong tendency to enhance the quality of the industrialized food for dogs, in order to provide a quality power supply. I found food rations which are fit for human consumption, prepared with 100% GMO ingredients, free of chemical additives, artificial or synthetic vitamins, isn’t it pretty?

I met a lot of old companies with innovative concepts as Canadian Orijen, which demonstrates a concern honestly, with selective monitoring at every stage of food production. Since the cultivation and creation of raw material, care during production, taste and packaging.

I was impressed and curious to try the Summum, manufactured in Spain. I saw several pictures of owners eating along with their dogs. He seemed genuinely tasty.

Here in Brazil the commercial rations still do not follow this trend. But the fact that this type of food for sale in Portugal, with so much concern with our best friends is a very promising news for the future of the food industry dedicated to pets also in Brazil.

Another very promising trend and that it is possible to find around here, it’s humid, frozen food industry and regional manufacturing canned, produced by small producers.

This kind of food provides a balanced diet that adds flavor to the diet of dogs. And in addition to being a natural way to feed the dogs, greatly simplifies the life of the owners.

I hope that this post has helped you a bit. If you have any questions please do not hesitate to share with us and other readers in the comments below.

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