- Before we start talking about foods that you should not give your dog, let us first understand why. The digestive system of the dogs, although it contains the same organs that ours is different!
Mastication-The First Stage of Digestion
For starters, the chewing. Pay attention the next time your dog is eating something. Different from us, which we all crushing food with our molars in lateral movements, dogs Chew from the top down using his fangs and front teeth. Try eating like this to see that weird. This means that our canine friends don’t break food into pieces too small or almost turn a folder like we do. In addition, in the saliva of dogs there are no enzymes as in ours, that help break down food for digestion; what their saliva does is kill germs-that’s why your dog “can eat just about anything” and don’t get sick!
Then, to pass through the dog’s esophagus, the food has to be in pieces small enough, or he puts it all out. This means that if your dog now and then vomits the food he’s not sick or bulimic, the pieces are that they are too big. Throw up for him is a control mechanism – for more disgusting as it sounds to you.
Stomach,Enzymes and Acids
The acids in the stomach of the dog are much stronger than our stomach, (imagine that the ph of their digestion is 1 and ours is 5) meaning that they dissolve quickly large chunks of raw meat. Because of this high acidity, the enzymes needed to digest certain foods (present in our digestive system), cannot survive in their stomach. That’s why grain-based vegetarian diets do not work for the dogs–grains and vegetables need to be pre-digeridos.
The digestive tract of the dogs is much shorter than ours – it absorbs less nutrient (because there’s less time), but get rid of the toxins more quickly.
We’re Going to Foods Banned!
Well, now that we know what happens to the food once it is consumed by the dog, let’s analyze which ones you should not allow your furry has access.
Chocolate–Contains caffeine and theo bromine that is toxic to your dog. The darker the chocolate, the higher the concentration of these substances, consequently, more toxic. The effects can be vomiting, dehydration, abdominal pain, tremors, elevated temperature, agitation, seizures and death.
Milk -believe it or not, dogs can also suffer from lactose intolerance. Dogs do not have the necessary enzymes (remember?) to break down the milk sugar. Their consumption can cause vomiting, diarrhea and other stomach problems, and although it is not a mortal threat, can also cause exposure to bacteria that can lead to more serious diseases.
Cheese-same problem of milk, cheese also has fats and sugars that dogs can’t digest (enzymes again). As with other dairy products, cheeses can cause gas, diarrhea and vomiting.
GARLIC and Onions-these foods may affect the red blood cells of the animal if consumed in excess, eventually causing anemia and causing a transfusion is necessary. The symptoms are weakness, vomiting, disinterest in food, shortness of breath.
Coffee, Tea and Caffeinated Drinks-drinks like coffee, tea, soft drinks have caffeine and stimulants that, if taken in quantities, can be fatal to your dog. The signs of caffeine poisoning are: rapid breathing, palpitations and tremors.
Macadamia Nuts-although this is delicious walnut, half a dozen of them is enough to make your dog very sick. The symptoms are tremors, weakness or paralysis of the hips, vomiting, high temperature and heartbeat.
Xylitol-Xylitol is an artificial sweetener found in gum, mints, candy, cookies and other related products, which can cause liver problems and fall of blood sugar levels of the dogs. A piece of gum for a 4-pound dog is a potentially toxic dose.Symptoms of poisoning are low pressure, lethargy, vomiting and lack of coordination.
Bacon Fat and Bones–your dog stays under the table with pidões eyes waiting for you to play those pieces of fat and the bones that you put aside? So resist the temptation because both are a danger to your puppy may cause pancreatitis. In addition, he can choke on the bones, or they may break into splinters and end up tearing the animal’s digestive system.
Raw Egg–Dogs should not consume raw eggs for the same reason that we don’t do: salmonella and e-coli. In addition, certain enzymes in the raw egg interfere with the absorption of vitamin B and may cause problems for your dog’s.
Raw Meat and Fish–As in the case of eggs, these foods also contain bacteria that can cause poisoning, so should always be thoroughly cooked. In addition, certain types of fish contain a parasite that, left untreated, can kill within two weeks. The signs of intoxication are vomiting, fever, and swelling of the lymph nodes.
Salt-excess salt is not good for humans or animals, but in the case of your puppy, can cause excessive thirst and need to urinate, and poisoning by sodium ions.Vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated temperature, convulsions and even death are possible consequences of excess consumption of salt.
Food and Drink Sweets–have to explain? All the damage that excessive sugar intake causes in humans also happens to animals: obesity, dental problems and eventual diabetes.
Alcohol–in addition to the usual culprits (beer, wine, spirits), alcohol can be found in desserts and in the masses of breads, cakes, pizza, etc. When your dog ingests this dough, the yeast to grow and expand within the your stomach or intestine, creating large amounts of gas that cause a lot of pain and can lead to a rupture of the stomach or intestinal tract. In addition, these items can cause vomiting, abdominal discomfort and lethargy.
Medication of People–the belief that drugs for humans are also good for dogs is the biggest cause of canine poisoning that exists. Just give your dog medications under the supervision of a veterinarian. Substances commonly found in medicines like acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be fatal to dogs.
Pantry Banned-Several items that are stored in your pantry can be perigosíssimos to your dog. Spices, baking powder, baking soda are true poisons, for example. Keep doors closed and these items on the higher shelves to prevent potential poisonings.
He Ate the Wrong Thing,and Now?
You read this far and took all the care, but your puppy somehow ate the wrong thing. And now? Always have your vet’s number handy (mine is on my fridge), as well as the address of the nearest emergency clinic. If you notice that he is having a reaction to something toxic, get help immediately.
It is important to take into consideration that the evil that these foods can cause vary depending on the breed and size of the dogs. In the same way that we humans react differently to what we eat, the impact of certain foods will vary depending on the animal. Common sense dictates that as good tutors, keep these foods out of the reach of our hairy.