Climate of Cambridge, Massachusetts

by | November 26, 2023

Cambridge, located in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, experiences a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons, characterized by cold winters, warm summers, and moderate precipitation throughout the year. The figures provided here are based on earlier estimates, and it’s advisable to check more recent sources for the latest information.


  1. Cold Winters: Winters in Cambridge are cold, with temperatures frequently dropping below freezing. From December to February, average high temperatures range from the mid-30s to the low 40s Fahrenheit (around 1 to 7 degrees Celsius). Winter nights can be considerably colder.
  2. Snowfall: Winter brings significant snowfall to the region. Snowstorms are common, and the city experiences accumulation, leading to snow-covered streets and landscapes. Residents engage in winter activities, and the city is equipped to handle snow removal.
  3. Mild Springs: Spring is a transitional season with milder temperatures. From March to May, average high temperatures climb from the mid-40s to the mid-60s Fahrenheit (around 7 to 18 degrees Celsius). Spring brings the blossoming of flowers and the return of greenery.
  4. Warm Summers: Summers in Cambridge are warm, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to the low 80s Fahrenheit (around 24 to 29 degrees Celsius) from June to August. July is typically the warmest month. While humidity can be noticeable, it is generally less intense than in more southern climates.
  5. Thunderstorms: Summer can bring occasional thunderstorms with heavy rainfall. These storms contribute to the overall precipitation levels and may bring temporary relief from the summer heat.
  6. Fall Foliage: Autumn in Cambridge is characterized by a beautiful display of fall foliage. From September to November, average high temperatures decrease from the mid-70s to the mid-50s Fahrenheit (around 24 to 13 degrees Celsius). The changing colors of the leaves create picturesque landscapes.
  7. Moderate Precipitation: Cambridge receives a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year, fairly evenly distributed across the seasons. Rainfall contributes to the overall annual precipitation, with occasional snowfall in the winter.

Population (as of 2019):

According to CITIESPLUSTOWNS, Cambridge had a population of around 118,977 residents. The city is known for its academic institutions, cultural diversity, and economic significance in the Greater Boston area.

Economy and Community:

  1. Academic and Innovation Hub: Cambridge is a major academic and innovation hub, home to prestigious institutions such as Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). These institutions contribute to the city’s intellectual and economic vibrancy.
  2. Biotechnology and Technology: The city is a center for biotechnology and technology industries. The Kendall Square area, in particular, is known for its concentration of biotech companies, startups, and research institutions.
  3. Cultural and Arts Scene: Cambridge has a rich cultural and arts scene. The city hosts theaters, art galleries, and cultural events throughout the year. The American Repertory Theater (ART) and The Harvard Art Museums are notable cultural institutions.
  4. Dining and Entertainment: Cambridge offers a diverse culinary scene with a variety of restaurants reflecting different cuisines. The city’s squares, including Harvard Square and Central Square, are vibrant areas with shops, cafes, and entertainment options.
  5. Educational Institutions: Besides Harvard University and MIT, Cambridge is home to other educational institutions, including Lesley University and Cambridge College. These institutions contribute to the city’s academic reputation.
  6. Green Spaces: The city values green spaces, parks, and outdoor recreation. Residents and visitors can enjoy parks like the Cambridge Common and the Charles River Reservation, providing opportunities for relaxation and outdoor activities.
  7. Civic Engagement: Cambridge residents actively engage in civic activities and community initiatives. The city’s local government encourages participation, and there are numerous community organizations working on various issues.
  8. Historic Sites: Cambridge has a rich history, and there are several historic sites and landmarks in the city. Harvard Yard, the Longfellow House-Washington’s Headquarters National Historic Site, and the MIT Museum showcase aspects of the city’s past.
  9. Public Transportation: Cambridge has an efficient public transportation system, including buses and the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) subway system. The city’s proximity to Boston allows residents easy access to the broader metropolitan area.
  10. Community Events: The city hosts various community events and festivals, fostering a sense of community among residents. These events range from cultural festivals to neighborhood gatherings.
  11. Innovation and Startups: Cambridge has a dynamic startup culture, with numerous innovative companies and entrepreneurs. The proximity to academic institutions facilitates collaboration between academia and industry.
  12. Community Services: Cambridge provides essential services to its residents, including education, healthcare, public safety, and cultural enrichment. The city’s commitment to community well-being is evident in the range of services offered.

In conclusion, Cambridge, Massachusetts, experiences a humid continental climate with cold winters, warm summers, and a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year. As of 2019, the population was around 118,977 residents. The city’s economic significance, academic institutions, cultural attractions, and community engagement contribute to its identity as a vibrant and dynamic part of the Greater Boston area.

Cambridge, Massachusetts