Facts about Albania
Official languages: Albanian, Modern Greek
Area: 28,748 km²
Population: 3.0 million residents
Population density: 103.90 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .al
ISO codes: AL, ALB, 8
The telephone code for Albania is +355
Flag of Albania
The Albanian flag is composed of a red sheet on which a black double-headed eagle is depicted. The flag was adopted in 1912, when Albania gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. The origin of the flag is associated with the national hero Skanderbeger (originally George Kastrioti), who lived in the fifteenth century and was a general of the Turkish army. However, Skanderbeger left the Turkish army and returned home to Albania to raise a double-headed eagle flag over his father’s castle in Kruje, saying: “I did not bring you freedom. I found it here, among you.” After his return, Skanderbeg managed to unite Albania and defend it from Turkish raids.
Albania is a country in Southeast Europe. See Albania Location on World Map. Untouched nature and varied landscapes characterize large parts of Albania. It is home to unique species of fauna and flora, which makes Albania one of the most biodiverse countries in Europe based on its size. With its interesting culture and Mediterranean climate, Albania has further prerequisites for developing various types of tourism.
Biggest Cities of Albania by Population
The largest city in Albania is Tirana, the capital of Albania. Located on the banks of the Ishëm River, Tirana is home to over 900 thousand people and is one of the most densely populated cities in Europe. It has been an important trading center for centuries, connecting people from different parts of Europe and beyond. Today, Tirana is a major cultural hub and economic center, with many museums, monuments, parks, and other attractions drawing millions of tourists each year.
The second largest city in Albania is Durrës located on the Adriatic Sea coast. With a population of around 200 thousand people, Durrës serves as a major port city for Albania and has become one of the country’s most important economic centers. The city also has a vibrant cultural scene with many popular music venues and art galleries attracting visitors from all corners of the globe.
The third largest city in Albania is Shkodra located near Lake Shkodra on the border with Montenegro. With a population of around 100 thousand people, Shkodra serves as an important political center for northern Albania as well as an influential cultural hub for music and literature throughout the region. The city also has some impressive monuments such as Rozafa Castle which dates back to 12th century AD and remains one of the oldest standing castles in all of Eastern Europe.
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According to Abbreviation Finder, there are many contrasts in the Albanian capital – Tirana. Here you will find magnificent buildings, some from socialist times (compare history and politics ), as well as simple huts. Traditional donkey carriages trot along the streets alongside the latest luxury limousines. Business people sped into high-rise buildings, while poor families drag the market purchases into their mud huts.
In the capital of Albania, one can clearly see that the country is on the one hand on the upswing, on the other hand some are falling behind and parts of the country are sinking into poverty.