Facts about Belize
Official languages: English, Spanish
Area: 22,966 km²
Population: 314,522 residents
Population density: 13.70 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .bz
ISO codes: BZ, BLZ, 84
The telephone code for Belize is +501
Flag of Belize
The flag of Belize was adopted in 1981 when the country achieved independence from Great Britain. It was designed already around 1950, when the country began to fight for independence and when Belize was called British Honduras. Today’s version of the flag is composed of a blue leaf and the coat of arms in the middle, the red stripes were added after independence. The national coat of arms depicts two workers standing in the shade of a mahogany tree, one holding an oar and the other an axe. Below them is a ribbon with the inscription “Sub umbra floreo” (I flourish in the shade) – an inscription clearly pointing to Belize’s colonial past.
Belize is a state in Central America. Bounded to the north by Mexico and to the west by Guatemala. The Caribbean lies in the east of Belize. See Belize Location on World Map. The former British Honduras became the last Central American country to gain independence in 1981. The relationship with neighboring Guatemala remained problematic due to unresolved territorial claims. It was not until 1992 that the Guatemalan government signed a treaty that recognized Belize’s independence, but did not clarify claims to territories in the west of the country. Negotiations have been taking place between the two countries since 2000, in which Guatemala should at least be given sea access via Belize. Belize was largely spared the wars and civil wars that other Central and South American countries went through. More than half of Belize is forested. The coast is almost entirely covered with mangroves. There are numerous coral reefs, sandbanks and atolls in front of the coast. Around 50% of the area of Belize is protected.
Biggest Cities of Belize by Population
Belize is a small country located in Central America and it is considered one of the most diverse countries in the region. As of 2018, Belize had an estimated population of 387,879 people spread across its six districts. Belize City is the largest city in the country with an estimated population of 80,000 people. It is located on the east coast of Belize and has been a major port since colonial times. The city has a vibrant culture with many cultural attractions including museums, art galleries, and historical sites like Fort George.
The second largest city in Belize is San Ignacio which has an estimated population of around 17,500 people. It is located near the western border with Guatemala and it serves as a gateway to many nearby attractions such as Mayan ruins and caves. The city also boasts some interesting sites like Cahal Pech Mayan Ruins and El Pilar Archaeological Reserve which are both popular destinations for tourists visiting from around the world.
The third largest city in Belize is Orange Walk which has an estimated population of 16,000 people. Located on the banks of New River Lagoon, Orange Walk offers visitors plenty to do including visiting nearby Mayan ruins or exploring Lamanai archaeological site which contains some impressive ancient structures from pre-Columbian times.
Belmopan is another major destination for tourists visiting Belize as it serves as the capital of the country with an estimated population of 15,500 people according to 2019 estimates. The city was established in 1970 after Hurricane Hattie destroyed much of Belize City forcing its relocation to this area due to its higher elevation that would provide better protection against future hurricanes or floods.
Other major cities in Belize include Corozal with 11,000 inhabitants; Dangriga with 10,000 inhabitants; Benque Viejo del Carmen with 8,000 inhabitants; Punta Gorda with 7,200 inhabitants; San Pedro Town with 5200 inhabitants; and Independence Village with 4200 inhabitants according to 2019 estimates. All these cities offer visitors something unique whether it be cultural attractions or natural beauty that make them all worth visiting while exploring this small but diverse country that is home to so many interesting areas throughout its landscape.
|1||Belize City, Belize||61,572||17.4995||-88.1976|
|2||San Ignacio, Belize||16,923||17.1588||-89.0696|
|3||Orange Walk, Belize||15,409||18.0812||-88.5633|
|7||San Pedro, Belize||8,529||17.916||-87.9659|
|8||Benque Viejo el Carmen, Belize||7,203||17.075||-89.1392|
|9||Punta Gorda, Belize||5,316||16.0984||-88.8097|
Until 1970, Belize City was the capital of the country. The city is located where the Belize River (river) flows into the sea. But in 1961 a hurricane destroyed the city. As a result, Belmopán was made the new capital in the interior, precisely in the center of the country. One rodete country and here founded a whole new city. The inland location is more protected from possible cyclones. However, it is also hotter and more humid here.
According to Abbreviation Finder, Belize City is the largest city in the country with around 80,000 inhabitants. In contrast, only about 20,000 people live in Belmopán. The city emerged gradually and continues to pursue a development plan. Her name is artificially composed of Belize and Mopan, a river in the country. The seat of government is in Belmopán. The buildings were based on Mayan architecture.