Facts about Botswana
Official languages: English, Setswana
Area: 600,370 km²
Population: 2.0 million residents
Population density: 3.38 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .bw
ISO codes: BW, BWA, 72
The telephone code for Botswana is +267
Flag of Botswana
Adopted in 1966 during the declaration of independence, the flag of Botswana consists of a light blue leaf with a black horizontal stripe in its center. In addition, the entire sheet and strip are bordered with white edging. Color symbolism has several interpretations. According to one, the flag is inspired by the national emblem, the motto of which is Pula (Szechwana in the local language), which means “Let the rain fall”. So the blue color should symbolize water. The black and white stripes are said to resemble the zebra, the national animal and shield bearer of Botswana. The three colors can also represent the different ethnicities living in the country and the hope for their peaceful coexistence.
Botswana is a country in southern Africa. See Botswana Location on World Map. In the dry inland, a central plateau separates the densely populated grassland in the east from the Kalaharis desert and the marshes of the Okavango Delta. The economy is thriving because of the diamond deposits. Because of its political stability, economic development and the steady improvement of living conditions, Botswana is often referred to as a “model country” in Africa. However, due to the high endemic AIDS rate and the associated high mortality, the further economic development of Botswana is very endangered. About 40% (as of 2004) of adults are infected with HIV – the highest rate in the world. The disease is increasingly threatening the socio-economic existence of the country.
Biggest Cities of Botswana by Population
The largest city in Botswana is Gaborone, located in the southeastern part of the country. It is home to around 200,000 people and is known for its vibrant nightlife scene as well as its numerous parks and gardens. Gaborone has a variety of cultural attractions such as museums dedicated to both local history and modern art, as well as several churches dating back to colonial times. Additionally there are plenty of shopping opportunities with numerous markets selling everything from traditional Setswana food to international luxury items. The city also hosts a variety of festivals throughout the year including Dikgafela Festival in October which features traditional music performances, dance performances, food stalls, and more.
The second largest city in Botswana is Francistown, located in the northeastern part of the country. It is home to around 100,000 people and is known for its vibrant nightlife scene as well as its numerous parks and gardens. Francistown has a variety of cultural attractions such as museums dedicated to both local history and modern art, as well as several churches dating back to colonial times. Additionally there are plenty of shopping opportunities with numerous markets selling everything from traditional Setswana food to international luxury items. The city also hosts a variety of festivals throughout the year including Tshesebe Festival in August which features traditional music performances, dance performances, food stalls, and more.
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Botswana is called Gaborone. It was named after an important chief of the country. It is located in the southeast of Botswana. 232,000 people live in Gaborone. This makes it the largest city in the country. In 1966, the year of independence, Gaborone was a village with just 1000 inhabitants. But then a little later diamonds were found in northern Botswana and the city developed quickly.