Facts about Cameroon
Official languages: English, French
Area: 475,440 km²
Population: 19.3 million residents
Population density: 40.58 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .cm
ISO codes: CM, CMR, 120
The telephone code for Cameroon is +237
Flag of Cameroon
The Cameroonian flag is composed of three vertical stripes in the traditional Pan-African colors – green, red and yellow. In addition, a yellow five-pointed star is placed in the middle of the central red stripe. As with other African states, the design of the flag was inspired by the French flag. Cameroon was originally divided into British and French parts, but in 1961 a federation was formed and the flag featured two stars representing each of the original colonial powers. Over time, one star was omitted as an expression of the unity and integrity of Cameroon. Today, the star is interpreted precisely as unity, the green color is supposed to evoke the country’s forests, red means independence and yellow the Cameroonian savannah and the sun.
Cameroon, located on the Gulf of Guinea on the West African coast, is more than 50 percent forested. See Cameroon Location on World Map. Most of the cities are in the south. The former German colony was divided between Great Britain and France in 1919 after 50 years of German rule. In 1960 the French part became independent as Cameroon, in 1961 the south of the British part fell to Cameroon and the north went to Nigeria. Cameroon is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. It is the first country to join the Confederation without first being a colony of Great Britain.
Biggest Cities of Cameroon by Population
The largest city in Cameroon is Douala, located on the banks of the Wouri River in the southern part of the country. It is home to around 3 million people and is known for its vibrant nightlife scene as well as its numerous parks and gardens. Douala has a variety of cultural attractions such as museums dedicated to both local history and modern art, as well as several temples dating back to medieval times. Additionally there are plenty of shopping opportunities with numerous markets selling everything from traditional Cameroonian food to international luxury items. The city also hosts a variety of festivals throughout the year including Fête des Ecrivains Camerounais (FEC) in October which features traditional music performances, dance performances, food stalls, and more.
The second largest city in Cameroon is Yaoundé located near the Niger River in central Cameroon. It is home to around 2 million people and is known for its vibrant nightlife scene as well as its numerous parks and gardens. Yaoundé has a variety of cultural attractions such as museums dedicated to both local history and modern art, as well as several temples dating back to medieval times. Additionally there are plenty of shopping opportunities with numerous markets selling everything from traditional Cameroonian food to international luxury items. The city also hosts a variety of festivals throughout the year including Festival International de Musique Camerounaise (FIMC) in May which features traditional music performances, dance performances, food stalls, and more.
|38||Garoua Boulai, Cameroon||46,726||5.88333||14.55|
|49||Nanga Eboko, Cameroon||30,020||4.68333||12.3667|
|64||Abong Mbang, Cameroon||14,772||3.98333||13.1833|
|68||Betare Oya, Cameroon||11,977||5.6||14.0833|
|70||Rey Bouba, Cameroon||11,565||8.6724||14.1786|
|74||Akom II, Cameroon||9,820||2.78333||10.5667|
According to Abbreviation Finder, Cameroon’s capital is Yaoundé. In German it is also written Yaoundé. Around 2.5 million people live here. Yaoundé is in the south inland. The city was built on several hills. Around them there are some higher mountains such as Mont Mbankolo and Mont Fébé. It is also surrounded by tropical rainforest. Yaoundé is not the largest city in the country, it is Douala on the coast with around three million inhabitants.