Facts about Cuba
Official languages: Spanish
Area: 110,860 km²
Population: 11.4 million residents
Population density: 103.04 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .cu
ISO codes: CU, CUB, 192
The telephone code from Cuba is +53
Flag of Cuba
The Cuban flag is composed of five horizontal stripes, two of which are white and three of which are blue. A red equilateral triangle with a white five-pointed star is placed in the pole part. The flag was adopted in 1902, but it was designed by Narciso Lopez as early as 1849. Lopez was trying to fight for independence from Spain and wanted to join Cuba to the United States. And that is why he placed only one white star on the flag (“Estrella Solitaria” in Spanish), which, according to his plan, was later to become one of the stars on the American flag. However, this vision never materialized and Cuba became a communist country. The three blue stripes represent the three Cuban departments, the white the purity of ideals in the struggle for independence, and the red symbolizes the blood shed during these struggles. Each of the vertices of the triangle points to one of the ideals of the Cuban Revolution – liberty, equality and fraternity.
Cuba (Spanish Cuba, official name Republic of Cuba) is an island nation in the Caribbean. In the northwest, the island has a coastal strip to the Gulf of Mexico, but the entire north coast lies on the Atlantic Ocean. See Cuba Location on World Map. Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean. In the ranking of the largest islands in the world, it ranks 15th.
Cuba is one of the last existing socialist economies. The country has been in an extreme economic crisis since around 2009 due to the 2008 hurricane season and Cuba’s inefficient economy. The desperate economic situation forced the government to implement market economy reforms in order to ensure basic supplies for the population.
Tourism has taken a leading position in the country’s economy and has become the main source of income for foreign exchange. The beginning of mass tourism in Cuba was triggered by prohibition in the United States in the early 1920s. Cuba became a popular travel destination for Americans because it was close to Florida and was not subject to any gambling and prohibition restrictions as in the USA.
After the victory of the revolution in 1959, only a small number of guests, especially from the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc countries, traveled to Cuba in the thirty years that followed. After the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc and the economic crisis in Cuba, the government looked for new sources of foreign currency for Cuba. With the help of internationally active tourism companies, joint ventures have been established since the early 1990s, which set up and operate hotels and tourist facilities mainly in the main tourist areas.
Compared to other long-distance travel destinations, tourism in Cuba is safe. The risk of terrorist attacks in Cuba is also rated as very low. Cuba suffers from electricity shortages. In order to save electricity, electricity is switched off, especially outside the tourist centers, which can also impair the water supply and communication.
Biggest Cities of Cuba by Population
Havana is the capital and largest city in Cuba, with a population of over 2.1 million people. Located on the northern coast of the island, Havana is renowned for its colorful culture and vibrant atmosphere. The city has a long and rich history which dates back to 1519 when it was founded by Spanish settlers. Today, visitors can explore the old town area and marvel at its stunning architecture including the 17th century Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro fortress. The streets of Havana are lined with classic American cars from the 1950s, while music and dance are a common sight in many of its plazas. Tourists can also visit one of Havana’s many museums or take a stroll through one of its numerous parks such as Parque Central or Parque de la Fraternidad which feature monuments dedicated to Cuban heroes from past centuries.
Santiago de Cuba is another important city in Cuba, located on the southeastern coast of the country. With around 500,000 inhabitants, Santiago is known for its rich Afro-Caribbean culture which makes it an attractive destination for tourists from all over the world. This vibrant city features numerous cultural attractions such as La Plaza de Marte which contains monuments dedicated to Cuban national heroes like José Martí and Antonio Maceo Grajales. Santiago also contains some impressive colonial era architecture including El Morro castle which was built by Spanish settlers in 1589 to protect their port from pirates. Visitors can also enjoy some splendid beaches such as Playa Siboney or Playa Baconao where they can relax on white sand shores while admiring beautiful views of Caribbean Sea waters.
|2||Santiago de Cuba, Cuba||555,976||20.0208||-75.8267|
|6||Santa Clara, Cuba||250,623||22.4069||-79.9647|
|7||Diez de Octubre, Cuba||227,404||23.0881||-82.3597|
|8||Arroyo Naranjo, Cuba||210,164||23.0368||-82.3694|
|9||Las Tunas, Cuba||203,795||20.9617||-76.9511|
|12||Pinar del Rio, Cuba||187,101||22.4167||-83.6967|
|14||Habana del Este, Cuba||178,152||23.1592||-82.3306|
|15||San Miguel del Padron, Cuba||159,384||23.0664||-82.2947|
|16||Centro Habana, Cuba||158,262||23.1383||-82.3642|
|18||Ciego de Avila, Cuba||142,138||21.84||-78.7619|
|21||Sancti Spiritus, Cuba||127,180||21.9297||-79.4425|
|23||Palma Soriano, Cuba||102,937||20.2113||-75.9936|
|26||La Habana Vieja, Cuba||95,494||23.1303||-82.3531|
|28||Puerto Padre, Cuba||76,949||21.1952||-76.6036|
|30||Guira de Melena, Cuba||69,990||22.7961||-82.5067|
|31||Consolacion del Sur, Cuba||69,968||22.5042||-83.5144|
|34||San Luis, Cuba||67,404||20.1881||-75.8503|
|38||Sagua la Grande, Cuba||62,184||22.8067||-80.0756|
|40||San Cristobal, Cuba||59,690||22.7166||-83.0565|
|42||San Jose de las Lajas, Cuba||54,958||22.9614||-82.1511|
|43||Jaguey Grande, Cuba||54,474||22.5269||-81.1286|
|46||Bartolome Maso, Cuba||53,135||20.1663||-76.9429|
|48||Jesus Menendez, Cuba||51,113||21.1614||-76.4792|
|53||Santo Domingo, Cuba||45,587||22.5868||-80.2426|
|56||San German, Cuba||44,003||20.6001||-76.1336|
|58||San Antonio de los Banos, Cuba||42,835||22.8902||-82.501|
|70||Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba||35,352||22.97||-82.3869|
|71||Santa Cruz del Sur, Cuba||34,712||20.7163||-77.9982|
|72||Minas de Matahambre, Cuba||34,530||22.5869||-83.9455|
|75||Union de Reyes, Cuba||33,757||22.795||-81.5362|
|77||Ciro Redondo, Cuba||29,671||22.0192||-78.7037|
|80||La Salud, Cuba||28,907||22.872||-82.4233|
|84||Pedro Betancourt, Cuba||26,872||22.7271||-81.2896|
|87||Rio Guayabal de Yateras, Cuba||25,864||20.3667||-75.0167|
|88||Los Palacios, Cuba||25,814||22.5888||-83.2467|
|95||Rio Cauto, Cuba||23,848||20.5597||-76.9167|
|96||Aguada de Pasajeros, Cuba||23,717||22.3852||-80.8479|
|101||Cauto Cristo, Cuba||21,270||20.5571||-76.4727|
|104||Nueva Gerona, Cuba||20,375||21.8867||-82.8056|
|109||Bahia Honda, Cuba||19,945||22.9033||-83.1599|
|115||Santa Cruz del Norte, Cuba||18,513||23.1542||-81.9256|
|116||Sagua de Tanamo, Cuba||18,393||20.5827||-75.2412|
|118||Primero de Enero, Cuba||18,045||21.945||-78.4313|
|120||La Sierpe, Cuba||17,048||21.7724||-79.2683|
|122||Media Luna, Cuba||16,824||20.143||-77.4353|
|130||San Nicolas de Bari, Cuba||15,025||22.7844||-81.9133|
|135||Quemado de Guines, Cuba||12,847||22.7882||-80.2523|
|137||Los Arabos, Cuba||12,615||22.7297||-80.7208|
|140||Calabazar de Sagua, Cuba||10,566||22.6451||-79.8951|
|141||Topes de Collantes, Cuba||9,840||21.9152||-80.0193|
|142||Zaza del Medio, Cuba||8,778||21.9971||-79.3668|
|145||San Luis, Cuba||6,801||22.279||-83.7596|
According to Abbreviation Finder, Havana is the capital city of Cuba.