Facts about Egypt
Official languages: Arabic, English, French
Area: 1,001,450 km²
Population: 80.5 million residents
Population density: 80.36 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .eg
ISO codes: EG , EGY, 818
The prefix for Egypt is +20
Flag of Egypt
The Egyptian flag is composed of three horizontal stripes – red, white and black. In the middle of the white stripe is the so-called Saladin’s eagle, which is the state symbol of Egypt and signifies Arab identity and independence. Saladin became Egypt’s national hero when he defeated the Crusaders and recaptured the city of Jerusalem in the 12th century. The eagle gazes towards the pole, and on its chest is a three-part shield, two of which are black and one yellow. On the panel below the eagle is the inscription “al-gumhuriya misr al-arabiya”, translated as the Arab Republic of Egypt. The interpretation of the colors of the tricolor is as follows: red points to the blood shed in numerous wars, white to the abolition of the monarchy, and black to remind the period of the monarchy and British colonialism.
Egypt (Arabic مصر Miṣr, officially Arab Republic of Egypt) is a state in northeastern Africa with over 87 million residents and an area of over one million square kilometers. See Egypt Location on World Map. However, only 5 percent of the land area is habitable, the rest is desert. The land area of Egypt consists essentially of the fertile Nile valley and the Libyan desert in the west and south and the eastern Arabian desert.
As an intercontinental state, Egypt has a land bridge from the greater African part to Asia, the Sinai. This peninsula is generally counted as part of the Asian continent.
Egypt has always been a gift from the Nile. The river still feeds one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The metropolis of Cairo is the capital and one of the most populous cities and regions in the world.
After South Africa, Egypt is the most industrialized country in Africa. Agriculture continues to play a significant role outside the metropolitan areas. The largely informal service sector absorbs a large part of the workforce. Nonetheless, unemployment remains high at around 13% with a significantly higher youth unemployment rate.
Egypt has been in a period of upheaval since the January Revolution of 2011, which has repeatedly led to demonstrations and violent clashes.
There is an increased risk of terrorist attacks and kidnappings across the country. These can also be directed against foreign targets and citizens.
Caution is generally advised when traveling to Egypt, including the tourist areas on the Red Sea. Demonstrations and crowds, especially in front of religious sites, universities and government institutions, should be avoided at all costs.
Biggest Cities of Egypt by Population
Egypt is a large nation located in North Africa with a population of over 97 million people. The largest city in Egypt is Cairo, which serves as the capital and has a population of over 20 million people. This bustling city features some interesting attractions such as the Great Pyramid of Giza – one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World – or the Egyptian Museum – where visitors can find some unique artifacts from ancient Egypt. Visitors to Cairo can also explore some fascinating neighborhoods like Islamic Cairo or Coptic Cairo where they can find some great eateries and cafes.
The second largest city in Egypt is Alexandria, which has around 5 million inhabitants. This vibrant city contains some interesting attractions such as Qaitbay Citadel – an impressive fortress located near Alexandria that offers stunning views of the sea and nearby islands – or Montazah Palace – where visitors can admire its beautiful gardens and fountains. Alexandria also offers visitors some great opportunities for outdoor activities such as trekking or biking along Corniche Road or visiting Anfushi Beach where they can admire lush green landscapes while exploring its many trails. Finally, tourists can also visit Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa where they can find some rare artifacts from ancient Egypt while admiring its beautiful scenery.
|4||Port Said, Egypt||538,489||31.2565||32.2841|
|6||Al Mahallah al Kubra, Egypt||431,163||30.9706||31.1669|
|9||Al Mansurah, Egypt||420,306||31.0364||31.3807|
|11||Al Fayyum, Egypt||306,504||29.3099||30.8418|
|14||Kafr ad Dawwar, Egypt||267,481||31.1338||30.1297|
|19||Al Minya, Egypt||227,261||28.1099||30.7503|
|22||New Cairo, Egypt||200,111||30.03||31.47|
|23||Bani Suwayf, Egypt||189,735||29.0744||31.0979|
|24||Shibin al Kawm, Egypt||186,456||30.5526||31.009|
|27||Kafr ash Shaykh, Egypt||144,081||31.1117||30.9399|
|34||Al Hawamidiyah, Egypt||106,952||29.9||31.25|
|37||Abu Kabir, Egypt||100,795||30.7251||31.6715|
|40||Al Matariyah, Egypt||99,468||31.1829||32.0311|
|46||Hawsh `Isa, Egypt||85,463||30.9128||30.2902|
|51||Kafr az Zayyat, Egypt||73,836||30.8248||30.8181|
|52||Abu Tij, Egypt||71,368||27.0441||31.319|
|55||Al Qusiyah, Egypt||68,505||27.4402||30.8184|
|56||Al Jammaliyah, Egypt||68,492||31.1807||31.865|
|58||Al Kharijah, Egypt||67,811||25.4514||30.5464|
|60||Al Manzalah, Egypt||67,597||31.1582||31.936|
|63||Al Fashn, Egypt||63,904||28.8243||30.8995|
|66||Al Khankah, Egypt||62,545||30.2104||31.3681|
|67||Mersa Matruh, Egypt||62,153||31.3529||27.2372|
|68||Al Qurayn, Egypt||61,841||30.6162||31.7351|
|69||Abu Qurqas, Egypt||61,293||27.9312||30.8384|
|70||Al Manshah, Egypt||61,245||26.4769||31.8035|
|72||Kawm Umbu, Egypt||59,898||24.4767||32.9463|
|74||Bani Mazar, Egypt||58,264||28.5036||30.8004|
|75||Minyat an Nasr, Egypt||57,062||31.1262||31.6431|
|76||Shibin al Qanatir, Egypt||56,983||30.3127||31.3202|
|77||Al Qanatir al Khayriyah, Egypt||56,413||30.1933||31.137|
|83||Diyarb Najm, Egypt||51,952||30.7544||31.4402|
|84||At Tall al Kabir, Egypt||51,680||30.5432||31.785|
|87||Al Balyana, Egypt||48,912||26.2357||32.0035|
|88||Ash Shuhada’, Egypt||48,171||30.5968||30.8993|
|89||Sidi Salim, Egypt||48,109||31.2713||30.7862|
|92||Al Hamul, Egypt||45,909||31.3115||31.1477|
|93||Mashtul as Suq, Egypt||45,909||30.3606||31.3776|
|94||Ain Sukhna, Egypt||45,663||29.6002||32.3167|
|97||Al Badari, Egypt||44,243||26.9926||31.4155|
|99||Al Qanayat, Egypt||43,023||30.6193||31.4617|
|101||Madinat Sittah Uktubar, Egypt||42,041||29.8167||31.05|
|102||Abu al Matamir, Egypt||41,413||30.9102||30.1744|
|103||Naja’ Hammadi, Egypt||41,295||26.0495||32.2414|
|104||Dayr Mawas, Egypt||40,720||27.6418||30.8466|
|105||Ad Dilinjat, Egypt||40,497||30.828||30.5355|
|106||Az Zarqa, Egypt||40,121||31.2086||31.6353|
|107||As Saff, Egypt||38,324||29.5647||31.2811|
|108||`Izbat al Burj, Egypt||38,064||31.5084||31.8411|
|109||Al Wasitah, Egypt||37,564||29.3378||31.2056|
|110||Sumusta as Sultani, Egypt||37,371||28.9167||30.85|
|111||Kawm Hamadah, Egypt||36,862||30.7613||30.6997|
|112||Al Bajur, Egypt||36,744||30.4305||31.0368|
|113||Kafr Saqr, Egypt||35,078||30.7934||31.6257|
|114||Al `Ayyat, Egypt||34,907||29.6197||31.2575|
|116||Al Ibrahimiyah, Egypt||34,749||30.7188||31.563|
|118||Ras Gharib, Egypt||32,111||28.3583||33.0783|
|119||Al Qusayr, Egypt||24,764||26.1043||34.2779|
|121||Al Bawiti, Egypt||20,111||28.3492||28.8659|
|122||El Gouna, Egypt||15,111||27.3942||33.6782|
|124||Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt||12,111||27.9158||34.3299|
|125||Marsa Alam, Egypt||10,111||25.063||34.89|
|127||Al `Alamayn, Egypt||7,511||30.8301||28.955|
|128||Siwa Oasis, Egypt||7,111||29.2032||25.5196|
A large part of the Egyptian population lives in the capital Cairo, which is one of the largest cities in the world. According to Abbreviation Finder, Cairo is also the largest city in Africa. We don’t know exactly how many people live in this city, because nobody has to officially register here. The city’s population is estimated to be more than 18 million. If you include the region around the city, there are even around 20 million inhabitants.
Modernity and tradition meet in Cairo. There is an older part of the city and a modern part of the city, which is often in great chaos. The traffic is loud and hectic and many people do not dare to cross the street on foot.
But Cairo is also an old Islamic city with a lot of mosques. In 969 Cairo was founded as “Al-Kahira”, which means “the Victorious”. In the Egyptian Museum you can see many testimonies of ancient Egyptian culture. The famous pyramids of Giza are very close to the outskirts.