Largest Cities in Eritrea

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about Eritrea

Official languages: Afar, Arabic, Tigrinya
Capital: Asmara
Area: 121,320 km²
Population: 5.8 million residents
Population density: 47.75 residents per km²
Currency: ERN
Internet TLD: .er
ISO codes: ER, ERI , 232
The prefix for Eritrea is +291

Flag of Eritrea

The flag of Eritrea, an African country located on the coast of the Red Sea, was adopted in 1995. It consists of three triangles of different colors, with the largest red isosceles triangle forming its base pole side of the flag. The other two – green at the top and blue at the bottom – are rectangular and complete the rectangular shape of the flag. In addition, an olive branch surrounded by a wreath of olive leaves is placed in the red field. The red color symbolizes the blood shed during the liberation struggle, the blue represents the ocean and the green represents the country’s agricultural tradition. The olive branch originates from the haunted flag that was used to honor the United Nations.


Flag of Eritrea

Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa region of Eastern Africa. The former Italian colony was annexed by Ethiopia in 1962 and only gained independence in 1993 after a long struggle. The battle with Ethiopia over border disputes from 1998 to 2000 brought heavy losses on both sides. The struggle was ended by a ceasefire agreement. Since then, UN observers have been dispatched to the border region to mark the legitimate course of the border.

Around 75% of the working population are employed in agriculture. Even so, food has to be imported, as around 50% of the working population has been drafted into the military. Eritrea has mineral resources such as gold, silver, copper, sulfur, nickel, potash, marble, zinc and iron. In addition, oil and gas reserves are currently being developed.

Biggest Cities of Eritrea by Population

Asmara is the largest city in Eritrea and serves as the country’s capital. It is located in the central region of Eritrea and has a population of around 600 thousand people. Asmara is known for its beautiful Italian-style architecture, with many buildings dating back to the 1930s. The city also has several museums, parks, monuments, and historic sites for visitors to explore. In addition to its cultural attractions, Asmara offers plenty of shopping opportunities for visitors looking for souvenirs or local products such as jewelry or crafts made by local artisans.

Keren is Eritrea’s second-largest city and is located in the northern region of Anseba. It has a population of around 80 thousand people and serves as an important agricultural center for the country due to its fertile land. Keren also has many cultural attractions such as churches, museums, monuments and more that visitors can explore. The city also hosts several festivals throughout the year including El Día de la Raza which celebrates Spain’s arrival in 1471. There are also plenty of shopping opportunities for visitors looking for souvenirs or local products such as coffee beans from nearby farms or textiles made by local artisans.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Asmara, Eritrea 564,041 15.338 38.9318
2 Keren, Eritrea 74,911 15.7779 38.4511
3 Massawa, Eritrea 23,211 15.6081 39.4745
4 Assab, Eritrea 21,411 13.0092 42.7394
5 Mendefera, Eritrea 17,892 14.8872 38.8153
6 Barentu, Eritrea 16,002 15.1058 37.5907
7 Adi Keyh, Eritrea 13,172 14.8444 39.3772
8 Edd, Eritrea 11,370 13.9309 41.6938
9 Dek’emhare, Eritrea 11,070 15.07 39.0475
10 Ak’ordat, Eritrea 8,968 15.548 37.8829

Eritrea: Asmara

The capital of Eritrea is called Asmara. It is located in the highlands at an altitude of 2,350 meters. About 650,000 people live here. In the capital you can still find beautiful buildings, some of which date from the Italian colonial era. There are cinemas and mosques, Catholic churches and churches of the Eritrean Orthodox Church.

Asmara is very different from other major African cities. The city is clean, there is little air pollution and traffic is orderly. But at the same time there is very great poverty in the city, no matter how beautiful the outer facade looks.

Countries neighboring Eritrea