Facts about Estonia
Official languages: Estonian, Russian
Area: 45,226 km²
Population: 1.3 million residents
Population density: 28.55 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .ee
ISO codes: EE, EST, 233
The country code for Estonia is +372
Flag of Estonia
The flag of Estonia consists of a horizontal tricolor of cornflower blue, black and white. It first appeared in 1881 as a sign of the Vironia student movement in Otepää. The color blue represents the Estonian sea, sky and lakes, and is sometimes also considered a symbol of honesty. The black is supposed to remind the sufferings of the Estonian population and also the traditional black vest of the local farmers. The white color represents the snow cover that covers the Estonian land for a large part of the year, and at the same time expresses the desire for freedom. For this reason, the flag was banned by the Soviet regime from 1940 – 1990 and was officially re-adopted only in 1990 after Estonia became an independent state.
Estonia, a country in Northern Europe, is traditionally the most Eastern orientated country in the Baltic States. See Estonia Location on World Map. In contrast to Latvia and Lithuania, the Estonians are of Finno-Ugric origin. Their language is related to Finnish. Estonia gained independence as a parliamentary democracy in 1991. The community was completely reorganized based on the Scandinavian model: few hierarchies, a lot of transparency in state organs, modern communication technology. This paid off quickly.
A true electronic revolution took place in Estonia in just a few years: in 2004, 93% of the population already had a mobile phone and by law Estonia guarantees access to the Internet by setting up free public Internet points. This regulation is so far unique in Europe and already today half of the Estonians use the Internet, by 2007 the Estonian government wants to increase the proportion to 90%. In Estonia, all schools are also online.
Estonia is a member of the European Union.
Biggest Cities of Estonia by Population
Tallinn is the largest city in Estonia and serves as the country’s capital. It has a population of around 450 thousand people and is located on the northern coast of Estonia near the Gulf of Finland. Tallinn is known for its beautiful medieval architecture, with many buildings dating back to the 15th century. The city also has several museums, parks, monuments, and historic sites such as Toompea Castle for visitors to explore. In addition to its cultural attractions, Tallinn offers plenty of shopping opportunities for visitors looking for souvenirs or local products such as jewelry or crafts made by local artisans.
Tartu is Estonia’s second-largest city and is located in the southeastern region of Tartumaa. It has a population of around 95 thousand people and serves as an important educational center for the country due to its many universities. Tartu also has many cultural attractions such as churches, museums, monuments and more that visitors can explore. The city also hosts several festivals throughout the year including El Día de la Raza which celebrates Spain’s arrival in 1471. There are also plenty of shopping opportunities for visitors looking for souvenirs or local products such as honey from nearby farms or ceramics made by local artisans.
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Estonia is called Tallinn. It is located on the Baltic Sea, on the Gulf of Finland. This is an elongated bay in the eastern Baltic Sea where Finland, Estonia and Russia are located. About 430,000 people live in Tallinn. Until 1918 the city was officially called Reval.