Largest Cities in French Guiana

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about French Guiana

Official languages: French
Capital: Cayenne
Area: 91,000 km²
Population: 195,506 residents
Population density: 2.15 residents per km²
Currency: EUR
Internet TLD: .gf
ISO codes: GF, GUF, 254
The telephone code for French Guiana is +594

French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France and is located in the north of South America on the Atlantic Ocean between Brazil and Suriname at latitude 4 ° north and longitude 53 ° west. French Guiana is an integral part of the French state and therefore also part of the European Union. As in metropolitan France, the euro is the legal tender.

According to Abbreviation Finder, French Guiana has the largest contiguous forest area in France and the European Union. 90 percent of the country is covered with tropical rainforests. The vast majority of the population lives on the coast, where the largest cities are located.


Total population
Population growth rate
Birth rate
Life expectancy
Age structure
0-14 years 29.30%
15-64 years
65 years and above 6.10%
Median age 28.45 years
Gender ratio 1.12 M / F
Population density
Urbanization 75.40%
Cayenne [capital] (Z 1999) 66149, Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (Z 1999) 19211, Kourou (Z 1999) 19171, Matoury (Z 1999) 18032
Catholics (Roman Catholic)
Human Development Index (HDI)
HDI ranking


Biggest Cities of French Guiana by Population

Cayenne is the largest city in French Guiana and the capital of the country. It is located on the estuary of the Cayenne River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of over 60,000 people, it is one of the most populated cities in South America. The city has an interesting history and culture, with its colonial heritage evident in its many old buildings and monuments. The city is home to a number of museums, galleries, and other attractions which showcase its unique history.

Cayenne also boasts a lively nightlife scene with plenty of bars and clubs to choose from. There are also plenty of restaurants offering up traditional French Guianan cuisine as well as international cuisines from around the world. In addition to this, there are numerous markets where you can pick up fresh fruit and vegetables as well as souvenirs such as wooden carvings or traditional clothing items. Cayenne is also a great place for shopping, with several malls offering everything from designer fashion to local crafts. Finally, Cayenne is home to some beautiful beaches that offer stunning views of the ocean and perfect settings for swimming or sunbathing.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Cayenne, French Guiana 61,661 4.93333 -52.3333
2 Matoury, French Guiana 26,461 4.84921 -52.3236
3 Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, French Guiana 24,398 5.50153 -54.0292
4 Kourou, French Guiana 24,140 5.16281 -52.6427
5 Remire-Montjoly, French Guiana 19,140 4.91667 -52.2667
6 Macouria, French Guiana 8,884 4.91216 -52.3743
7 Mana, French Guiana 5,996 5.66906 -53.779