Facts about Guadeloupe
Official languages: French
Area: 1,780 km²
Population: 443,000 residents
Population density: 248.88 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .gp
ISO codes: GP, GLP, 312
Die The prefix for Guadeloupe is +590
Guadeloupe (Guadeloupe Creole: Gwadloup ), also called Gwada by the locals, is geographically an archipelago, politically a French overseas territory, an overseas department and a region, consisting of a group of islands in the Lesser Antilles within the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean.
According to Abbreviation Finder, Guadeloupe is an (almost) fully integrated part of the French state and therefore also part of the European Union. However, Guadeloupe is not part of the EU VAT Union. Together with Martinique, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin , it forms the French Antilles.
On January 1, 2017, Guadeloupe had 390,253 residents. Around 90% of Guadeloupians are of African or mixed descent. About 5% of the population are white. Indians, Lebanese or Chinese together make up less than 5%.
Several groups must be distinguished within the whites. The descendants of the colonial upper class are called Grands-Blancs . There are also some groups of impoverished white settlers ( Petits-Blancs): the Blancs-Matignons in the Grands Fund on Grande-Terre, the Saintois on the Les Saintes archipelago and the Désiradiens on the island of La Désirade.
The majority of the residents belong to the Catholic Church. There are minorities of Hindus, religions of African origin and Protestants.
Biggest Cities of Guadeloupe by Population
The largest cities in Guadeloupe are the capital city of Basse-Terre and the port city of Pointe-à-Pitre. Both cities offer a variety of attractions and activities to explore.
Basse-Terre is the capital of Guadeloupe and is located on the western coast of the island. It is known for its picturesque harbor, which is lined with colorful fishing boats, yachts, and cruise ships. The city also features a number of historical sites such as Fort Fleur D’Epee, Fort Delgrès, and Fort Louis, which were built by the French in defense against British invasions in 1759. Visitors can also explore Basse-Terre’s beautiful botanical garden or take a cable car up to La Soufrière volcano for stunning views! For outdoor enthusiasts, there are plenty of hiking trails around Basse-Terre that take visitors through lush rainforests and along breathtaking beaches with crystal clear waters perfect for swimming or snorkeling!
Pointe-à-Pitre is situated on Guadeloupe’s west coast and is one of the island’s main ports for both cargo ships and cruise liners alike! The town has two main attractions: The Schoelcher Library and Pointe-à-Pitre Market! The Schoelcher Library was built by Victor Schoelcher who fought hard to abolish slavery in France’s colonies. It houses some rare books from all over the world as well as artifacts from local history. Pointe-à-Pitre Market offers an array of locally grown fruits and vegetables as well as freshly caught seafood that you can sample while you shop! There are also several shops selling local crafts such as handmade jewelry or traditional pottery pieces from Pointe-à Pitre artisans! Finally there are plenty restaurants serving up delicious local cuisine alongside international dishes so you can sample some truly unique flavors!
|1||Les Abymes, Guadeloupe||63,169||16.273||-61.5051|
|3||Le Gosier, Guadeloupe||28,809||16.2062||-61.4931|
|6||Le Moule, Guadeloupe||22,803||16.3316||-61.3466|