Facts about Guyana
Official languages: English
Area: 214,970 km²
Population: 748,486 residents
Population density: 3.48 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .gy
ISO codes: GY, GUY, 328
The telephone code for Guyana is +592
Flag of Guyana
The flag of Guyana was adopted in 1966 and its base consists of a green leaf, towards the right edge of which extends a yellow and white bordered arrow-shaped pattern. The pole side of the flag forms the base of a red triangle bordered by black. The flag was chosen through a public competition in 1962, in which the design of the American Whitney Smith won. The flag is nicknamed “The Golden Arrowhead”, which refers to the already mentioned yellow arrow. The symbolism of the colors used is as follows: white symbolizes the watery land, black perseverance in building a better tomorrow, yellow mineral wealth and green the lush vegetation of Guyana.
Guyana is located in the north of South America. It borders on Brazil, Venezuela and Suriname, as well as the Atlantic. See Guyana Location on World Map. The area changed hands several times between the colonial powers of the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Great Britain and France until 1815. After the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte, these three colonies were officially transferred to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. In 1831 these areas were merged as British Guiana. In 1966 Guyana became independent.
Guyana is one of the countries in the South American-Caribbean region that will be particularly hard hit by a rise in sea levels as a result of climate change. A sea-level rise of just 1m would inundate an area in Guyana that is home to 70% of the population and 40% of the country’s agricultural area.
Biggest Cities of Guyana by Population
Georgetown is the largest city in Guyana with a population of approximately 235,017. It is the cultural and economic hub of the country, and it is located on the Atlantic coast. Georgetown has a tropical rainforest climate, which gives it warm temperatures throughout the year. The city is divided into several neighborhoods such as Queenstown, Alberttown, Charlestown, and Kitty. Georgetown has a rich history dating back to its founding in 1781 by the Dutch. The architecture of many buildings reflects this colonial past, with many buildings constructed in Dutch style. Today, Georgetown is home to some of Guyana’s most important institutions such as the University of Guyana, National Museum of Art and Culture, and City Hall.
The second largest city in Guyana is Linden which is located on the Demerara River about 80 kilometers from Georgetown. It has a population of approximately 50,000 people and it serves as an important industrial center for bauxite mining and aluminum production since World War II. Linden also houses some of Guyana’s most important educational institutions including Mackenzie High School which was founded in 1928 to provide secondary education for children from all over the country. The town also boasts some beautiful natural attractions such as Kaieteur Falls which are known for their breathtaking views over several kilometers away from Linden itself. Additionally there are several other cities that make up Guyana’s urban landscape like New Amsterdam which has a population of around 25 thousand people or Bartica with around 12 thousand people living there. These cities all offer their own unique attractions that make them worth visiting when you are exploring what Guyana has to offer!
|3||New Amsterdam, Guyana||35,150||6.24793||-57.5171|
|4||Anna Regina, Guyana||12,559||7.26439||-58.5077|
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Guyana is Georgetown. 240,000 people live here, i.e. more than a quarter of the country’s population! Georgetown is on the Atlantic coast at the mouth of the Demerara River. Because the city lies in very flat land, it is protected by dikes. It was named in 1812 after the British King George III.