Facts about Jamaica
Official languages: English
Area: 10,991 km²
Population: 2.8 million residents
Population density: 259.05 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .jm
ISO codes: JM, JAM, 388
The telephone code from Jamaica is + 1-876
Flag of Jamaica
The flag of Jamaica was adopted in 1962 when the country became independent and broke free from British rule. Jamaica was a British colony for many centuries and at the same time a center of the slave trade. After the abolition of slavery in 1838, there was a violent coup in the country, and to this day Jamaica is characterized by social problems and a high level of crime. The appearance of the flag was chosen in a public competition and is intended to reflect Jamaica’s turbulent history. A version with horizontal stripes was rejected for being too similar to the flag of the then Republic of Tanganyika. The pan-African colors black, green and yellow were therefore placed in the St. Andrew’s cross and are supposed to express the motto: “There are difficulties, but the earth is green and the sun shines.” Yellow represents the sun, black trouble and green earth.
Jamaica is an independent island nation within the Commonwealth of Nations in the Caribbean. The island is south of Cuba and west of Haiti. It is the third largest island in the Greater Antilles. See Jamaica Location on World Map.
Biggest Cities of Jamaica by Population
Jamaica is an island nation located in the Caribbean Sea, with a population of over 2.9 million people. Its capital city is Kingston which is the largest city in Jamaica and home to more than 690,000 people. The city is known for its vibrant nightlife, music scene and many cultural attractions, making it a popular destination for tourists.
Other major cities in Jamaica include Montego Bay located near the Caribbean Sea and known as ‘the Tourist Capital’; Ocho Rios located near the Rio Nuevo River and known for its lush tropical forests; or Port Antonio located near the Blue Mountains and known as ‘the Adventure Capital’.
Jamaica also contains some smaller cities such as Negril located on the south-west side of Jamaica and home to many resorts; Mandeville located near Manchester Parish and home to many historic buildings; or Falmouth located on the north-east side of Jamaica and known for its colonial architecture.
Throughout Jamaica there are plenty of attractions to explore including botanical gardens, national parks, beaches, waterfalls, caves and mountains. Visitors can also enjoy activities such as snorkeling or exploring ruins or take part in water sports on Montego Bay.
|2||New Kingston, Jamaica||584,069||18.0075||-76.7832|
|3||Spanish Town, Jamaica||145,129||17.9911||-76.9574|
|5||Montego Bay, Jamaica||82,978||18.4712||-77.9188|
|7||May Pen, Jamaica||44,866||17.9645||-77.2451|
|8||Old Harbour, Jamaica||26,135||17.9414||-77.109|
|10||Half Way Tree, Jamaica||18,663||18.0125||-76.7993|
|12||Port Antonio, Jamaica||14,511||18.1761||-76.4509|
|13||Saint Ann’s Bay, Jamaica||13,782||18.4358||-77.201|
|14||Bog Walk, Jamaica||12,984||18.1021||-77.0054|
|15||Constant Spring, Jamaica||12,941||18.0508||-76.7937|
|18||Ocho Rios, Jamaica||9,561||18.4025||-77.1048|
|19||Morant Bay, Jamaica||9,479||17.8815||-76.4093|
|20||Stony Hill, Jamaica||8,662||18.0792||-76.7847|
|21||Santa Cruz, Jamaica||8,328||18.0534||-77.6984|
|22||Old Harbour Bay, Jamaica||8,023||17.9092||-77.0972|
|23||Port Maria, Jamaica||8,017||18.3685||-76.8895|
|26||Bull Savanna, Jamaica||7,073||17.8868||-77.5902|
|27||Runaway Bay, Jamaica||6,628||18.4596||-77.3357|
|30||Annotto Bay, Jamaica||5,615||18.2717||-76.7652|
|31||Lionel Town, Jamaica||5,473||17.8101||-77.2406|
|32||Point Hill, Jamaica||5,455||18.0899||-77.1076|
|33||Black River, Jamaica||4,340||18.0264||-77.8487|
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Jamaica is Kingston. It is located on the southeast coast. About 940,000 people live in Kingston. The city is the country’s cultural and economic center. There is an overseas port and an international airport. The second largest city in Jamaica is just a few miles west of Kingston. It is Spanish Town with 160,000 inhabitants.