Facts about Jordan
Official languages: Arabic, English
Area: 92,300 km²
Population: 6.4 million residents
Population density: 69.42 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .jo
ISO codes: JO, JOR, 400
The dialing code for Jordan is +962
Flag of Jordan
The flag of Jordan was adopted in 1921 and is composed of three horizontal stripes of black, white and green colors and a red triangle in which a white seven-pointed star is placed. The colors are carried in a typical pan-Arab spirit and are taken from the flag of Hejaz, as the first Emir of Jordan was the son of the King of Hejaz. The individual stripes symbolize important dynasties – the black stripe represents the Abbasids from Baghdad, the middle white stripe is the emblem of the Umayyads from Damascus, and the green stripe refers to the Fatimid dynasty from Morocco. The red wedge represents the Hashemite dynasty of Jordan, and the white star, which was added to the flag in 1928, symbolizes Fatih, the first sura of the Koran.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic الأُرْدُنّ al-Urdunn) is a state in the Middle East. It borders with Israel, the part of the Palestinian Autonomous Territory located in the West Bank, with the border under Israeli control, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and the Red Sea (Gulf of Aqaba), on which it has a maritime border with Egypt. See Jordan Location on World Map.
Jordan is a country without any significant raw materials or industrial base. It is also one of the most arid countries in the world. The available resources and main exports include potash and phosphate. In addition, there are oil shale and uranium deposits, which are to be used increasingly for energy generation, as well as natural gas deposits on the Jordanian-Iraqi border.
The Jordanian economy is heavily dependent on foreign grants and remittances from overseas Jordanians as well as foreign direct investment. Due to its structure, it is vulnerable to external shocks and will remain so for the foreseeable future.
The country has some unique, but little-known tourist attractions to offer, including the rock city of Petra and the Dead Sea at the lowest point on earth. The West Bank, now occupied by Israel, was once the core area of biblical Palestine with the cities of Bethlehem, Hebron and Jerusalem.
Due to repeated incidents at the borders with Syria and Iraq, the Federal Foreign Office strongly advises against a trip to the Syrian-Jordanian border area and to the northeast of the country in the border region with Iraq. There is a general threat of terrorist attacks in Jordan and a security threat, especially in places visited by foreigners. It is recommended that you pay general attention, follow media coverage, stay away from crowds, do not take photos and follow the instructions of the security forces.
Biggest Cities of Jordan by Population
Jordan is a country located in the Middle East, with a population of over 10 million people. Its capital city is Amman which is the largest city in Jordan and home to more than 4.1 million people. The city is known for its ancient ruins, vibrant nightlife, and stunning architecture making it a popular destination for tourists.
Other major cities in Jordan include Irbid located near the Yarmouk River and known as ‘the City of Roses’; Zarqa located near Amman Bay and known for its industrial production; or Aqaba located on the south-west side of Jordan and known as ‘the Pearl of the Red Sea’.
Jordan also contains some smaller cities such as Jerash located near Ajloun Governorate and home to many ancient ruins; Madaba located near Mount Nebo and home to many churches; or Maan located on the south-east side of Jordan and known for its desert landscapes.
Throughout Jordan there are plenty of attractions to explore including archaeological sites, castles, mosques, churches, museums, national parks, beaches and monuments. Visitors can also enjoy activities such as horseback riding or exploring desert oases or take part in water sports on the Dead Sea.
|5||Wadi as Sir, Jordan||181,323||31.9545||35.8183|
|10||As Salt, Jordan||80,300||32.0392||35.7272|
|11||Ar Ramtha, Jordan||75,012||32.5587||36.0082|
|14||Al Jubayhah, Jordan||46,945||32.0107||35.898|
|16||Hayy al Quwaysimah, Jordan||32,507||31.9104||35.9497|
|18||At Tafilah, Jordan||25,540||30.8375||35.6044|
|20||Qir Moav, Jordan||22,692||31.1825||35.7|
|21||Karak City, Jordan||21,789||31.1637||35.762|
|24||Umm as Summaq, Jordan||18,385||31.8854||35.8543|
|28||Al Azraq ash Shamali, Jordan||14,911||31.8821||36.8302|
|29||At Turrah, Jordan||14,730||32.6398||35.9894|
|32||At Tayyibah, Jordan||12,726||32.543||35.7176|
|34||Ash Shajarah, Jordan||11,354||32.6439||35.9417|
|38||`Ayn Jannah, Jordan||9,697||32.3347||35.7637|
|39||Al Karamah, Jordan||9,495||31.9544||35.5803|
|40||Al Mazar al Janubi, Jordan||9,494||31.0672||35.6949|
|42||Kafr Asad, Jordan||8,314||32.598||35.7127|
|43||Bayt Yafa, Jordan||7,899||32.5225||35.7862|
|44||Al Quwayrah, Jordan||7,483||29.8004||35.3116|
|47||Kafr Sawm, Jordan||7,263||32.6853||35.801|
|51||Kafr Abil, Jordan||6,444||32.4175||35.6631|
|52||Dayr Yusuf, Jordan||6,334||32.487||35.7963|
|53||Al Hamra’, Jordan||6,322||32.4402||36.1526|
|54||Saham al Kaffarat, Jordan||6,314||32.6985||35.7744|
|57||Al Kittah, Jordan||5,737||32.2769||35.8411|
|58||Hayy al Bunayyat, Jordan||5,690||31.896||35.8847|
|64||Al Khinzirah, Jordan||5,342||31.0506||35.6061|
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Jordan is called Amman and is located in the north of the country. Over four million people live here on the many hills that characterize the cityscape of Amman. Incidentally, this city is one of the oldest cities in the world, which you don’t necessarily recognize at first glance. The first traces of human settlement go back to the 8th millennium BC. BC back.
There are many archaeological sites to visit in Amman. In addition to the Roman theater, this also includes the citadel hill. You will also find an Arab bazaar, called a souk in Arabic, in the old town of Amman. Many mosques shape the cityscape of the capital of Jordan. The largest mosque in the city is the Abdullah Mosque.
Amman’s rise began at the beginning of the 20th century. The then King Abdullah made it the capital. Today life pulsates here, the city is modern. It has meanwhile also become the country’s financial center and a large city in which almost half of the country’s entire population lives. Many houses were built from light-colored limestone, so the city is often called “the white city”. Incidentally, the word Amman refers to the ancient tribe of the Ammonites and their state, which was called Ammon.