Largest Cities in Laos

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about Laos

Official languages: Lao, French, English
Capital: Vientiane
Area: 236,800 km²
Population: 6.4 million residents
Population density: 26.89 residents per km²
Currency: LAK
Internet TLD: .la
ISO codes: LA, LAO , 418
The prefix for Laos is +856

Flag of Laos

The flag of the communist state of Laos has a rather unconventional design compared to other communist flags. Instead of a typical star, a white circle is placed on it, which is embedded in a wide blue stripe. In addition, the blue stripe is bordered by two narrower red stripes. The white circle is said to symbolize the unity of the earth or the moon shining above the Mekong River, which is represented by a blue stripe. The red color traditionally reminds of the blood shed by the local population during the battles for the homeland. The flag was created in 1945, when the independence of Laos was declared. However, it was not officially adopted until 1975. In the meantime, a red flag with three white elephants was used by the feudal kingdom.


Flag of Laos

Laos is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. Its main artery is the Mekong, which also provides the fertile plains in the river valley. See Laos Location on World Map.

Today’s Laos belonged to the French colony of French Indochina as the “Protectorate of Laos”. Independence from France in 1953 was followed by two decades of civil war and the Vietnam War. During the Vietnam War, Laos was neutral and there was no official United States declaration of war on Laos. Nevertheless, the US armed forces bombed Laos massively, because the Ho Chi Minh Trail ran to a significant extent over Laotian territory. More bombs were dropped on Laos than on Germany and Japan combined in World War II, making Laos one of the most heavily bombed countries in the world. After the end of the Vietnam War, the communist Pathet Lao took over power through a bloodless revolution in 1975 and proclaimed on 2.

Due to serious economic problems, Laos introduced an opening and reform policy from 1986 with the aim of realizing the gradual transition from the planned to the market economy. As part of these reforms, economic liberalization was carried out and relations with foreign countries were strengthened. Political reforms are also gradually being tackled.

Biggest Cities of Laos by Population

Laos is a Southeast Asian country located in the Indochinese Peninsula, with a population of over 7 million people. Its capital city is Vientiane which is the largest city in Laos and home to more than 800,000 people. The city is known for its French-influenced architecture, vibrant culture and lively nightlife making it a popular destination for tourists.

Other major cities in Laos include Luang Prabang located near the Mekong River and known as ‘the City of Monks’; Savannakhet located near the Thakhek Mountains and known as ‘the City of Silk’; or Pakse located on the southern side of Laos and known as ‘the City of Rivers’.

Laos also contains some smaller cities such as Phonsavan located near Plain of Jars and home to many churches; Tha Khaek located near the Nam Theun River and home to many museums; or Muang Xay located on the north-central side of Laos and known for its coffee production.

Throughout Laos there are plenty of attractions to explore including temples, monasteries, museums, national parks, beaches and monuments. Visitors can also enjoy activities such as trekking or exploring caves or take part in water sports on Nam Ngum Lake.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Vientiane, Laos 196,842 17.9667 102.6
2 Pakse, Laos 88,443 15.1202 105.799
3 Thakhek, Laos 85,111 17.4103 104.831
4 Savannakhet, Laos 66,664 16.5651 104.753
5 Luang Prabang, Laos 47,489 19.886 102.135
6 Xam Nua, Laos 39,103 20.4159 104.048
7 Muang Phonsavan, Laos 37,618 19.45 103.217
8 Vangviang, Laos 25,111 18.9235 102.448
9 Muang Xay, Laos 25,111 20.6923 101.984
10 Muang Pakxan, Laos 22,078 18.3826 103.659
11 Ban Houakhoua, Laos 15,611 20.2467 100.454
12 Muang Khong, Laos 15,111 14.1179 105.855
13 Sainyabuli, Laos 13,611 19.2576 101.71
14 Phongsali, Laos 13,611 21.6837 102.105
15 Champasak, Laos 13,105 14.892 105.878
16 Ban Houayxay, Laos 12,611 20.2765 100.413
17 Muang Phon-Hong, Laos 10,223 18.4956 102.414
18 Salavan, Laos 5,632 15.7165 106.417
19 Lamam, Laos 4,574 15.4171 106.695
20 Attapeu, Laos 4,408 14.8107 106.832
21 Luang Namtha, Laos 3,336 20.9486 101.402

Laos: Vientiane

As an important road, the Mekong also connects important cities with each other and with the capital of Laos, which is called Vientiane. 600,000 people live in the capital. According to Abbreviation Finder, this city is located in the northwest and is traversed by the Mekong. Another important city that is also a World Heritage Site is called Luang Prabang and is also located on the Mekong.

Countries neighboring Laos