Facts about Lithuania
Official languages: Lithuanian, Russian, Polish
Area: 65,200 km²
Population: 3.6 million residents
Population density: 54.68 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .lt
ISO codes: LT, LTU , 440
The prefix for Lithuania is +370
Flag of Lithuania
The flag of Lithuania is composed of a tricolor of horizontal stripes in yellow, green and red. The flag was already in force from 1919 to 1940, until Lithuania became part of the Soviet Union and the flag was abandoned. In 1989, Lithuania withdrew from the Soviet Union, and the tricolor was once again adopted as the national flag. The chosen colors are said to reflect Lithuanian values and local nature. Yellow represents the sun and fertile cornfields, green represents forests and meadows, and red represents the blood shed in the battles for the country’s independence and the courage of Lithuanians during these battles. The flag differs from the form used before the Soviet occupation only in its dimensions.
Lithuania is located in Northern Europe and is one of the three Baltic states. It is the southernmost of the three Baltic states. It borders the Baltic Sea to the west and shares borders with Latvia, Belarus, Poland and the Russian Kaliningrad Oblast. See Lithuania Location on World Map.
In the course of the EU enlargement in 2004 Lithuania became a member state of the European Union and a member of NATO. As of January 1, 2015, Lithuania became the 19th member of the euro area.
Biggest Cities of Lithuania by Population
Lithuania is a small country located in northern Europe, with a population of just over 2.8 million people. Its capital city is Vilnius which is the largest city in Lithuania and home to more than 550,000 people. The city is known for its stunning architecture, vibrant nightlife and diverse culture making it a popular destination for tourists.
Other major cities in Lithuania include Kaunas located near the Nemunas River and known as ‘the City of Lakes’; Klaipeda located near the Baltic Sea and known as ‘the City of Seaports’; or Siauliai located on the northern side of Lithuania and known as ‘the City of Hills’.
Lithuania also contains some smaller cities such as Panevėžys located near the Nevėžis River and home to many churches; Šiauliai located near the Nemunas Delta and home to many museums; or Utena located on the eastern side of Lithuania and known for its beer production.
Throughout Lithuania there are plenty of attractions to explore including beaches, forests, lakes, castles, monasteries, caves and national parks. Visitors can also enjoy activities such as cycling or exploring ancient ruins or take part in water sports on Lake Galve.
|7||Dainava (Kaunas), Lithuania||70,111||54.9152||23.9683|
|44||Naujoji Akmene, Lithuania||12,033||56.3167||22.9|
|58||Kazlu Ruda, Lithuania||7,358||54.749||23.49|
According to Abbreviation Finder, Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania. In German you sometimes read Wilna for her name. Vilnius is located in the southeast of the country on the Neris River. With 526,000 inhabitants, it is also the largest city in Lithuania. The old town has been declared a World Heritage Site.