Facts about Malta
Official languages: Maltese, English
Area: 316 km²
Population: 403,000 residents
Population density: 1,275.32 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .mt
ISO codes: MT, MLT, 470
The telephone code for Malta is +356
Flag of Malta
The flag of Malta consists of two vertical stripes of white and red colors and a red bordered cross of St. George in the upper part of the mast side of the flag. The cross with the inscription “FOR GALLANTRY” (for courage) was given to Malta by the British as a decoration for indomitability during the bombing by German-Italian troops during the Second World War. The flag was officially adopted after independence in 1964 and its shape is probably derived from the flag of the Norman House of Hautville who conquered Malta in the late 11th century. Count Roger of the House of Hautville is said to have given the people of Malta a clipping of his flag when he returned to Normandy, and the flag gradually became the national flag.
The island group of Malta, located between Europe and North Africa, has been ruled by changing colonial powers over the course of its history. In 1964, Malta gained independence from Great Britain. See Malta Location on World Map.
The main source of income is tourism. The number of annual visitors is three times as high as that of the residents. Malta is a member of the EU and the euro zone.
Biggest Cities of Malta by Population
Malta, an archipelago located in the Mediterranean Sea, is home to three of the largest cities in the country. Valletta, Malta’s capital and largest city, is situated on a peninsula and has a population of around 6,500 people. It features attractions like St. John’s Co-Cathedral which was built by the Knights of St. John in 1573; Upper Barrakka Gardens which offer stunning views of Grand Harbour; and National Museum of Archaeology which houses artifacts from Maltese prehistory.
Birgu is the second-largest city in Malta with a population of around 5,000 people. It serves as an important trading hub for fishing and agricultural products such as olives and citrus fruits. Birgu also features several tourist attractions like Fort Saint Angelo which was built by the Knights Of St John in 16th century; Inquisitor’s Palace which served as residence for inquisitors sent by Rome to Malta; and Maritime Museum which showcases traditional fishing boats used by local fishermen.
Sliema is the third-largest city in Malta with a population of around 5,000 people. It boasts some interesting tourist attractions like Bighi Palace which once served as residence for British admirals; Tigne Point where visitors can enjoy swimming or snorkeling; and Sliema Promenade where they can take leisurely strolls along waterfront while admiring views of Mediterranean Sea.
|5||San Pawl il-Bahar, Malta||14,168||35.9506||14.4156|
|6||Saint John, Malta||12,457||35.9056||14.4761|
|23||San Giljan, Malta||6,910||35.9184||14.4898|
|26||Santa Venera, Malta||6,375||35.8908||14.4742|
|40||Saint Lucia, Malta||3,297||36.0431||14.2172|
|55||Hal Gharghur, Malta||2,136||35.9241||14.4512|
|59||Ta’ Xbiex, Malta||1,753||35.8992||14.4944|
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Malta is Valletta. With a size of only 0.8 square kilometers and 6300 inhabitants, it is the smallest capital in the European Union. Despite its size, the city has a lot to offer and has even been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Because culturally there is a lot to see in Valletta, such as the fortress walls around the city, the port or many historical places. It is also popular with tourists for its many lovely cafés and the Republic and Merchants Streets. The city is located on a headland on the north coast of the islands.