Largest Cities in Mauritania

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about Mauritania

Official languages: Arabic, French, Wolof
Capital: Nouakchott
Area: 1,030,700 km²
Population: 3.2 million residents
Population density: 3.11 residents per km²
Currency: MRO
Internet TLD: .mr
ISO codes: MR , MRT, 478
The country code for Mauritania is +222

Flag of Mauritania

The base of the flag of Mauritania consists of a green leaf, on which is depicted a yellow crescent carrying a yellow five-pointed star above it. The flag thus has both traditional African and Islamic symbolism. Yellow and green are traditional pan-Arab colors and green, along with the crescent moon and star, has significance for the predominantly Muslim population. Berber nomads took control of the country in the 11th century, and Mauritania became the center of the Muslim faith, which they spread throughout North Africa. In the 16th century, the Berbers succumbed to the Arabs, who ruled here until the 20th century, when Mauritania was conquered by the French. The current flag was adopted in 1959 when the country achieved independence from France.


Flag of Mauritania

Mauritania is a country in northwestern Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean. The country is almost three times the size of Germany and, with the exception of a thorn-bush savannah zone from the capital Nouakchott, consists of desert along the southern border.

Mauritania is one of the poorest countries in the world and suffers from rural exodus, inadequate infrastructure and an uncertain political situation. In 1957 90% of the population still lived as nomads, now 40% live in cities. Islam is the state religion and Islamic law (Sharia) applies.

Biggest Cities of Mauritania by Population

Mauritania is a West African country located along the Atlantic coast. It is home to three of the largest cities in the country. Nouakchott, the capital and largest city of Mauritania, has a population of around 1.5 million people. It features attractions like Grand Mosque which is known for its impressive architectural style; Place de l’Indépendance which serves as an important cultural site; and Mauritania National Museum which offers stunning views of surrounding landscape.

Nouadhibou is the second-largest city in Mauritania with a population of around 130,000 people. It serves as an important trading hub for fishing and agricultural products such as dates, millet, and fish. Nouadhibou also features several tourist attractions like La Pointe de la Quemada where visitors can observe traditional fishing boats used by local fishermen; The Oum Labi Mosque which houses artifacts from local culture; and Cap Blanc Beach where they can take leisurely strolls along waterfront while admiring views of Atlantic Ocean.

Kaedi is the third-largest city in Mauritania with a population of around 50,000 people. It boasts some interesting tourist attractions like The Great Mosque which offers stunning views of surrounding landscape; Kaedi Market where visitors can explore stalls selling local handicrafts; and The Kaedi Museum which houses artifacts from local culture including traditional tools used by islanders during ancient times.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Nouakchott, Mauritania 661,511 18.0858 -15.9785
2 Nouadhibou, Mauritania 72,448 20.9419 -17.0384
3 Nema, Mauritania 60,111 16.617 -7.25649
4 Kaedi, Mauritania 55,485 16.1503 -13.5037
5 Rosso, Mauritania 49,033 16.5138 -15.805
6 Kiffa, Mauritania 40,392 16.6207 -11.4021
7 Zouerate, Mauritania 38,111 22.7354 -12.4713
8 Atar, Mauritania 24,132 20.5177 -13.0486
9 Tekane, Mauritania 22,152 16.5781 -15.4597
10 Selibaby, Mauritania 18,535 15.1585 -12.1843
11 Aleg, Mauritania 15,322 17.0531 -13.9131
12 Aioun, Mauritania 12,746 16.6614 -9.6149
13 Akjoujt, Mauritania 11,611 19.7466 -14.3853
14 Tidjikja, Mauritania 6,111 18.5564 -11.4271

Mauritania: Nouakchott

The capital of Mauritania is Nouakchott. It is located on the coast and is the largest city in the country with around 900,000 inhabitants. Nouakchott has the second largest port in the country (the largest is in Nouadhibou, in the far north on the coast).

Countries neighboring Mauritania