Largest Cities in Mongolia

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about Mongolia

Official languages: Mongolian, Russian
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Area: 1,565,000 km²
Population: 3.1 million residents
Population density: 1.97 residents per km²
Currency: MNT
Internet TLD: .mn
ISO codes: MN, MNG, 496
The telephone code for Mongolia is + 976

Flag of Mongolia

The flag of Mongolia, which was adopted in 1992, is composed of three vertical stripes – blue in the middle and two red on the sides. In addition, a yellow ideogram called sojombo is placed in the pole red stripe, which is associated with ancient symbolism resulting from Buddhist traditions. The upper part of the symbol is made of fire with three flames, which are meant to represent the past, present and future. The symbols of the moon and the sun represent the idea of ​​the world and eternity. Another symbol of sojomba is ying and yang – a traditional Buddhist symbol of the harmony of opposites, which is shown here by means of two endlessly competing fish. The two tall rectangles on the sides of the sojomba represent a wall and, according to a Mongolian proverb, also friendship, which is stronger than a stone wall.


Flag of Mongolia

Mongolia (Mongolian Монгол Улс / Mongol Uls / Mongol ulus, literally: “Mongolian State”), located between Central, North and East Asia, is the second largest landlocked country in the world after Kazakhstan. It has only two neighbors, Russia in the north and the People’s Republic of China in the south. See Mongolia Location on World Map. The country, four and a half times the size of Germany, is only inhabited by 2.75 million people, making it the most sparsely populated independent state in the world. Due to the nature of the soil and its climate, the country is hardly suitable for arable farming, mainly nomadic cattle farming. Its largest city is the capital Ulaanbaatar, where a third of the entire country’s population lives.

The name Outer Mongolia can still be found in older atlases (in contrast to Inner Mongolia, which belongs to the People’s Republic of China as an autonomous region). Until the constitutional amendment in July 1992, Mongolia was called the Mongolian People’s Republic.

Biggest Cities of Mongolia by Population

Mongolia is an expansive country located in Central Asia. The country is home to a diverse array of cultures and landscapes ranging from the Gobi desert to the Altai mountains. The largest city in Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar, which has a population of 1.3 million people. Ulaanbaatar is the capital and cultural center of Mongolia, as well as being home to many important government institutions and embassies. Visitors to Ulaanbaatar can explore its modern skyline, take in a traditional Mongolian performance at one of its many theaters, or visit its numerous parks and monuments such as Sukhbaatar Square and Zaisan Memorial Park.

Darkhan is the second largest city in Mongolia with a population of just over 100,000 people. This industrial city serves as an important trade hub for both domestic and international companies looking to do business in Mongolia or Russia. Darkhan also has several attractions such as the Museum of Natural History, National Museum and Erdene Zuu Monastery which are all worth visiting during your stay here. Other cities worth visiting in Mongolia include Erdenet, Khovd and Choibalsan which all have unique attractions that make them great destinations for travelers looking for something off the beaten path.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Ulan Bator, Mongolia 844,929 47.9077 106.883
2 Erdenet, Mongolia 79,758 49.0333 104.083
3 Darhan, Mongolia 74,411 49.4867 105.923
4 Khovd, Mongolia 30,611 48.0056 91.6419
5 OElgii, Mongolia 28,511 48.9683 89.9625
6 Ulaangom, Mongolia 28,196 49.9811 92.0667
7 Hovd, Mongolia 28,035 44.6702 102.175
8 Murun-kuren, Mongolia 27,801 49.6342 100.162
9 Bayanhongor, Mongolia 26,363 46.1944 100.718
10 Arvayheer, Mongolia 25,733 46.2639 102.775
11 Suhbaatar, Mongolia 24,346 50.2314 106.208
12 Bayanhongor, Mongolia 23,345 46.7167 100.117
13 Saynshand, Mongolia 20,002 44.8824 110.116
14 Dzuunharaa, Mongolia 18,941 48.8523 106.458
15 Zuunmod, Mongolia 17,741 47.7069 106.953
16 Bulgan, Mongolia 17,459 48.8125 103.535
17 Uliastay, Mongolia 16,351 47.7417 96.8444
18 Baruun-Urt, Mongolia 15,916 46.6806 113.279
19 Altai, Mongolia 15,911 46.3722 96.2583
20 Mandalgovi, Mongolia 15,541 45.7625 106.271
21 Dalandzadgad, Mongolia 15,204 43.5708 104.425
22 Undurkhaan, Mongolia 14,834 47.3194 110.656
23 Dzuunmod, Mongolia 14,771 47.7069 106.953
24 Choyr, Mongolia 10,006 46.3611 108.361
25 Tosontsengel, Mongolia 9,637 48.7567 98.2839
26 Harhorin, Mongolia 9,111 47.1975 102.824
27 Kharkhorin, Mongolia 9,088 47.1925 102.813
28 Tsetserleg, Mongolia 5,987 47.475 101.454

Mongolia: Ulan Bator

According to Abbreviation Finder, Mongolia is the most sparsely populated state in the world, around three million people live here, a little less than in Germany’s capital Berlin. You can find most of them in the capital with the funny name with the “five A”, namely Ulaanbaatar. But there is also the spelling Ulan Bator. In translation, this means something like “red hero”.

40 out of 100 Mongolians live in the capital. It is also the most important center in the country. The border with Russia in the north extends for 3485 kilometers and the border with China in the south is 4677 kilometers in length. Kazakhstan is also only a few kilometers away in the west of the country. Incidentally, the three million people take care of 32 million grazing animals, which is quite a lot.

Neighboring countries of Mongolia