Facts about Mongolia
Official languages: Mongolian, Russian
Area: 1,565,000 km²
Population: 3.1 million residents
Population density: 1.97 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .mn
ISO codes: MN, MNG, 496
The telephone code for Mongolia is + 976
Flag of Mongolia
The flag of Mongolia, which was adopted in 1992, is composed of three vertical stripes – blue in the middle and two red on the sides. In addition, a yellow ideogram called sojombo is placed in the pole red stripe, which is associated with ancient symbolism resulting from Buddhist traditions. The upper part of the symbol is made of fire with three flames, which are meant to represent the past, present and future. The symbols of the moon and the sun represent the idea of the world and eternity. Another symbol of sojomba is ying and yang – a traditional Buddhist symbol of the harmony of opposites, which is shown here by means of two endlessly competing fish. The two tall rectangles on the sides of the sojomba represent a wall and, according to a Mongolian proverb, also friendship, which is stronger than a stone wall.
Mongolia (Mongolian Монгол Улс / Mongol Uls / Mongol ulus, literally: “Mongolian State”), located between Central, North and East Asia, is the second largest landlocked country in the world after Kazakhstan. It has only two neighbors, Russia in the north and the People’s Republic of China in the south. See Mongolia Location on World Map. The country, four and a half times the size of Germany, is only inhabited by 2.75 million people, making it the most sparsely populated independent state in the world. Due to the nature of the soil and its climate, the country is hardly suitable for arable farming, mainly nomadic cattle farming. Its largest city is the capital Ulaanbaatar, where a third of the entire country’s population lives.
The name Outer Mongolia can still be found in older atlases (in contrast to Inner Mongolia, which belongs to the People’s Republic of China as an autonomous region). Until the constitutional amendment in July 1992, Mongolia was called the Mongolian People’s Republic.
Biggest Cities of Mongolia by Population
Mongolia is an expansive country located in Central Asia. The country is home to a diverse array of cultures and landscapes ranging from the Gobi desert to the Altai mountains. The largest city in Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar, which has a population of 1.3 million people. Ulaanbaatar is the capital and cultural center of Mongolia, as well as being home to many important government institutions and embassies. Visitors to Ulaanbaatar can explore its modern skyline, take in a traditional Mongolian performance at one of its many theaters, or visit its numerous parks and monuments such as Sukhbaatar Square and Zaisan Memorial Park.
Darkhan is the second largest city in Mongolia with a population of just over 100,000 people. This industrial city serves as an important trade hub for both domestic and international companies looking to do business in Mongolia or Russia. Darkhan also has several attractions such as the Museum of Natural History, National Museum and Erdene Zuu Monastery which are all worth visiting during your stay here. Other cities worth visiting in Mongolia include Erdenet, Khovd and Choibalsan which all have unique attractions that make them great destinations for travelers looking for something off the beaten path.
|1||Ulan Bator, Mongolia||844,929||47.9077||106.883|
Mongolia: Ulan Bator
According to Abbreviation Finder, Mongolia is the most sparsely populated state in the world, around three million people live here, a little less than in Germany’s capital Berlin. You can find most of them in the capital with the funny name with the “five A”, namely Ulaanbaatar. But there is also the spelling Ulan Bator. In translation, this means something like “red hero”.
40 out of 100 Mongolians live in the capital. It is also the most important center in the country. The border with Russia in the north extends for 3485 kilometers and the border with China in the south is 4677 kilometers in length. Kazakhstan is also only a few kilometers away in the west of the country. Incidentally, the three million people take care of 32 million grazing animals, which is quite a lot.