Largest Cities in Oman

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about Oman

Official languages: Arabic, English, Urdu
Capital: Muscat
Area: 212,460 km²
Population: 3.0 million residents
Population density: 13.97 residents per km²
Currency: OMR
Internet TLD: .om
ISO codes: OM, OMN , 512
The dialing code for Oman is +968

Flag of Oman

The flag of Oman is composed of three horizontal stripes in white, red and green and a red vertical stripe in the left part of the flag. These colors have a traditional pan-Arab meaning and thus symbolize the unity of all Arab nations. At the top of the left red band is the white coat of arms of the Sultans, which depicts two crossed sabers in decorated scabbards, a dagger and a sling. Another interpretation of the colors says that red is supposed to remind the Islamic Ibadi people, white is the color of peace, and green represents the Dzebel Akhdar mountain range (translated as the Green Mountains) and the Muslim faith of the local residents. The flag has been used with slight modifications since 1970.


Flag of Oman

The Sultanate of Oman, Arabic سلطنة عمان, DMG salṭanat ʿumān is located on the southeast corner of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. See Oman Location on World Map. The country is a little smaller than Germany.

Biggest Cities of Oman by Population

Muscat is the capital and largest city of Oman. It is located in the eastern part of the country and rests on the coast of the Gulf of Oman. As of 2019, it had an estimated population of over 1 million, making it one of the most populous cities in the Middle East. The city is home to many cultural attractions and boasts a rich history and culture. Its main attractions include Mutrah Souq, a traditional market; Al Alam Palace, which has been home to Oman’s ruling family since 1793; and Grand Mosque, which features an impressive golden dome. Other notable sites include Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, National Museum, Royal Opera House Muscat, Qurum Natural Park and Royal Opera House Muscat. Muscat is also a major port city with a bustling economy driven by tourism, banking and fishing industries.

The second largest city in Oman is Sohar with an estimated population of around 250,000 people as per 2019 census. Located about 200 km northwest from Muscat along the coast of Gulf of Oman, Sohar is known for its expansive coastline and port activities as well as its historical connections to ancient trade routes between East Asia and Europe. Sohar’s main attractions include its ancient fortifications dating back to pre-Islamic times such as Sohar Fort; The Friday Mosque built in 1507; The Corniche (Seaside Promenade); The Old Souq with traditional shops selling spices & souvenirs; Al-Ghubrah Beach & Beach Park; Bait Al-Kabeer Museum showcasing traditional artifacts from various countries around the world; and Souk al Markazi (Central Market). In recent years Sohar has become a hub for industrial activity due to its strategic location near major shipping lanes in the Arabian Sea.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Muscat, Oman 797,111 23.5841 58.4078
2 Seeb, Oman 237,927 23.6703 58.1891
3 Salalah, Oman 163,251 17.0151 54.0924
4 Bawshar, Oman 159,598 23.5777 58.3998
5 Sohar, Oman 108,385 24.3475 56.7094
6 As Suwayq, Oman 107,254 23.8494 57.4386
7 `Ibri, Oman 101,751 23.2257 56.5157
8 Saham, Oman 89,438 24.1722 56.8886
9 Barka’, Oman 81,758 23.6787 57.8861
10 Rustaq, Oman 79,494 23.3908 57.4244
11 Al Buraymi, Oman 73,781 24.2509 55.7931
12 Nizwa, Oman 72,187 22.9333 57.5333
13 Sur, Oman 71,263 22.5667 59.5289
14 Bahla’, Oman 54,449 22.9789 57.3047
15 Al Khaburah, Oman 50,334 23.9714 57.0931
16 Shinas, Oman 48,120 24.7426 56.467
17 Sufalat Sama’il, Oman 47,829 23.3167 58.0167
18 Izki, Oman 36,314 22.9333 57.7667
19 Liwa, Oman 26,483 24.5308 56.563
20 Ibra’, Oman 25,376 22.6906 58.5334
21 Oman Smart Future City, Oman 25,111 23.6527 57.5993
22 Bidbid, Oman 21,299 23.4079 58.1283
23 Badiyah, Oman 18,590 22.45 58.8
24 Khasab, Oman 18,015 26.1799 56.2477
25 Adam, Oman 17,394 22.3793 57.5272
26 Yanqul, Oman 16,710 23.5865 56.5397
27 Al Qabil, Oman 14,119 22.571 58.6947
28 Bayt al `Awabi, Oman 10,822 23.3032 57.5246
29 Hayma’, Oman 1,405 19.9593 56.2757

Oman: Muscat

According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of the country is Muscat, also sometimes spelled Muscat or Masqat. Up into the 20th century, the city gates were closed in the evening, just like in the Middle Ages. Only after the current sultan came to power did the city begin to be modernized. The city stretches for 50 kilometers along the coast. Although a large part of Oman’s population lives in the capital, the city is rather calm and tranquil. Gardens and lawns, mosques and modern, white villas shape the cityscape.

The city motorway is evidence of modernity. The city’s landmarks are the forts of Marani and Jalali, which guarded the port entrance in earlier times. Parts of the old town with magnificent old Indian palaces were demolished and replaced by new buildings, mostly villas. There are many museums, university buildings and the great mosque in the city. The following pictures give you a small impression of what the capital of Oman looks like.

Neighboring countries of Oman