Facts about Oman
Official languages: Arabic, English, Urdu
Area: 212,460 km²
Population: 3.0 million residents
Population density: 13.97 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .om
ISO codes: OM, OMN , 512
The dialing code for Oman is +968
Flag of Oman
The flag of Oman is composed of three horizontal stripes in white, red and green and a red vertical stripe in the left part of the flag. These colors have a traditional pan-Arab meaning and thus symbolize the unity of all Arab nations. At the top of the left red band is the white coat of arms of the Sultans, which depicts two crossed sabers in decorated scabbards, a dagger and a sling. Another interpretation of the colors says that red is supposed to remind the Islamic Ibadi people, white is the color of peace, and green represents the Dzebel Akhdar mountain range (translated as the Green Mountains) and the Muslim faith of the local residents. The flag has been used with slight modifications since 1970.
The Sultanate of Oman, Arabic سلطنة عمان, DMG salṭanat ʿumān is located on the southeast corner of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest. See Oman Location on World Map. The country is a little smaller than Germany.
Biggest Cities of Oman by Population
Muscat is the capital and largest city of Oman. It is located in the eastern part of the country and rests on the coast of the Gulf of Oman. As of 2019, it had an estimated population of over 1 million, making it one of the most populous cities in the Middle East. The city is home to many cultural attractions and boasts a rich history and culture. Its main attractions include Mutrah Souq, a traditional market; Al Alam Palace, which has been home to Oman’s ruling family since 1793; and Grand Mosque, which features an impressive golden dome. Other notable sites include Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, National Museum, Royal Opera House Muscat, Qurum Natural Park and Royal Opera House Muscat. Muscat is also a major port city with a bustling economy driven by tourism, banking and fishing industries.
The second largest city in Oman is Sohar with an estimated population of around 250,000 people as per 2019 census. Located about 200 km northwest from Muscat along the coast of Gulf of Oman, Sohar is known for its expansive coastline and port activities as well as its historical connections to ancient trade routes between East Asia and Europe. Sohar’s main attractions include its ancient fortifications dating back to pre-Islamic times such as Sohar Fort; The Friday Mosque built in 1507; The Corniche (Seaside Promenade); The Old Souq with traditional shops selling spices & souvenirs; Al-Ghubrah Beach & Beach Park; Bait Al-Kabeer Museum showcasing traditional artifacts from various countries around the world; and Souk al Markazi (Central Market). In recent years Sohar has become a hub for industrial activity due to its strategic location near major shipping lanes in the Arabian Sea.
|6||As Suwayq, Oman||107,254||23.8494||57.4386|
|11||Al Buraymi, Oman||73,781||24.2509||55.7931|
|15||Al Khaburah, Oman||50,334||23.9714||57.0931|
|17||Sufalat Sama’il, Oman||47,829||23.3167||58.0167|
|21||Oman Smart Future City, Oman||25,111||23.6527||57.5993|
|27||Al Qabil, Oman||14,119||22.571||58.6947|
|28||Bayt al `Awabi, Oman||10,822||23.3032||57.5246|
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of the country is Muscat, also sometimes spelled Muscat or Masqat. Up into the 20th century, the city gates were closed in the evening, just like in the Middle Ages. Only after the current sultan came to power did the city begin to be modernized. The city stretches for 50 kilometers along the coast. Although a large part of Oman’s population lives in the capital, the city is rather calm and tranquil. Gardens and lawns, mosques and modern, white villas shape the cityscape.
The city motorway is evidence of modernity. The city’s landmarks are the forts of Marani and Jalali, which guarded the port entrance in earlier times. Parts of the old town with magnificent old Indian palaces were demolished and replaced by new buildings, mostly villas. There are many museums, university buildings and the great mosque in the city. The following pictures give you a small impression of what the capital of Oman looks like.