Facts about San Marino
Official languages: Italian
Capital: San Marino
Area: 61 km²
Population: 31,477 residents
Population density: 514.33 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .sm
ISO codes: SM, SMR, 674
The telephone code for San Marino is +378
Flag of San Marino
The flag of the tiny mountain state of San Marino consists of two horizontal stripes – white at the top and blue at the bottom. At the border of the stripes, in the center of the flag is the national coat of arms, which consists of a shield depicting three towers decorated with ostrich feathers on their tops. Three towers – Guita, Cesta and Montale, are the real dominants of the rock fortress of San Marino. There is also a golden crown above the shield, which is supposed to symbolize the independence and sovereignty of the country. Below the shield is a ribbon bearing the inscription “Libertas” (“Freedom”). San Marino is said to have been founded in 301 AD, making it the oldest republic in the world.
San Marino (Italian Repubblica di San Marino, nickname La Serenissima) is the oldest existing republic in the world with a history that supposedly goes back to the year 301. It is completely surrounded by Italy as an enclave and lies between the regions of Emilia-Romagna (Province of Rimini) and Marche (Province of Pesaro and Urbino), near the Adriatic coast near Rimini. The three fortresses Guaita, Cesta and Montale crown the Monte Titano ridge. See San Marino Location on World Map.
San Marino is not a city-state, but consists of nine municipalities. San Marino has about 30,000 residents, and another 13,300 San Marino citizens live abroad (mainly in Italy).
San Marino forms a customs union with the states of the European Union. Special rules also apply to economic relations with Italy, which are regulated by a large number of contracts.
San Marino has no natural resources. The state land is used primarily for agriculture and forestry. Until the 1960s, the San Marines lived primarily from agriculture, cattle breeding and the quarrying of stones from local quarries. Since then there has been a steady upswing in craft and trade in San Marino, but also in industry – not least due to the strong influx of tourists: around 2 million tourists visit the small republic every year.
Biggest Cities of San Marino by Population
The largest city in San Marino is the capital, San Marino City. Located on top of Monte Titano, it has an estimated population of around 4,000 people and is known for its stunning medieval architecture. Popular attractions here include the Three Towers of San Marino which are the three fortresses that make up the iconic skyline of the city; Palazzo Pubblico which is a beautiful building that houses the government offices; and Piazza della Liberta which is a large square with a fountain in the center. Other attractions worth visiting include Museo di Stato which contains a variety of artifacts related to San Marino’s history; Basilica di San Francesco which is an impressive church with frescoes and sculptures; and Montale Tower which offers breathtaking views over the city.
The second largest city in San Marino is Borgo Maggiore. Located on the slopes of Monte Titano, it has a population of around 1,500 people and serves as an important hub for transportation and commerce. Popular attractions here include Chiesa delle Anime Sante where visitors can admire some impressive frescoes; Castello della Giara which is an ancient fortress located on top of a hill offering spectacular views over Borgo Maggiore; Borgo Maggiore Market where visitors can purchase local produce among others. Other cities worth visiting include Domagnano where visitors can admire some beautiful architecture such as Palazzo Righi or Church di Santa Maria Assunta; Fiorentino with its stunning views over Monte Titano or Cesta Tower; or Acquaviva with its old churches such as Church dei Cappuccini or Church di Santa Caterina da Siena.
|1||Serravalle, San Marino||9,369||43.969||12.4817|
|2||Borgo Maggiore, San Marino||6,535||43.9419||12.4474|
|3||San Marino, San Marino||4,611||43.9367||12.4464|
|4||Domagnano, San Marino||3,272||43.9496||12.4683|
|5||Fiorentino, San Marino||2,621||43.91||12.4574|
|6||Acquaviva, San Marino||1,641||43.9459||12.4185|
|7||Faetano, San Marino||1,288||43.9283||12.498|
|8||Poggio di Chiesanuova, San Marino||1,062||43.9045||12.4214|
|9||Monte Giardino, San Marino||1,021||43.9088||12.482|
San Marino: San Marino
Like the country, the capital is also called: San Marino. To differentiate one also speaks of the city of San Marino. The inhabitants also simply say la città (pronounced: la tschittà), “the city”. 4100 people live here. According to Abbreviation Finder, this makes San Marino one of the smallest capitals in the world. It is also not even the largest town in the country, because more people live in Dogana and Borgo Maggiore.