Facts about Solomon Islands
Official languages: English
Area: 28,450 km²
Population: 559,198 residents
Population density: 19.66 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .sb
ISO codes: SB, SLB, 90
The telephone code for Solomon- Islands is +677
Flag of Solomon Islands
The Solomon Islands lie east of New Guinea and west of the shores of Australia. The flag of the archipelago is composed of two fields – blue and green. Fields are separated from each other by a yellow diagonal bar. Five white five-pointed stars are placed in the upper left of the blue field. The islands were not colonized until the 19th century, but eventually came under British-German rule. In 1920, they came under Australian rule and became independent in 1977. A year later, the current national flag was adopted, where the stars represent the five territories of the island, the blue color represents the ocean, yellow the bright local sun and green the fertile land.
he Solomon Islands (also Solomon Islands) are an island state in the southwest of the Pacific, east of New Guinea. The Solomon Islands comprise a group of islands of volcanic origin, the largest of which are Guadalcanal (highest point Mount Popomanaseu at 2,335 meters), Santa Isabel, Makira, Malaita, New Georgia and Choiseul, and an estimated 992 smaller islands and atolls. See Solomon Islands Location on World Map.
The island of Guadalcanal became famous for the Battle of Guadalcanal in World War II, in which Japanese and US troops fought fierce battles. The Battle of Guadalcanal was one of the longest and most bitter in American military history.
With their victory on Guadalcanal, the Americans were finally able to secure the sea route between Australia and America. Guadalcanal thus became an important starting point for further operations.
The Solomon Islands are one of the poorest states in Oceania. The greatest weakness of the economy is the infrastructure, which was largely destroyed by the ethnic conflicts in 1998. The economic strengths of the Solomon Islands are its large mineral deposits and agricultural resources.
An important branch of the economy is tourism, especially diving and fishing tourism. The tourists used to come because of the importance of Guadalcanal during World War II and the tranquility of the outer islands. Due to the ethnic conflicts in 1998 and warnings about entry, tourism almost came to a standstill and is only recovering with difficulty due to a lack of funds.
Biggest Cities of Solomon Islands by Population
Honiara is the largest city and capital of Solomon Islands. It is located on the northwest coast of Guadalcanal Island and is home to around 70,000 people. The city has a unique blend of Melanesian, Polynesian, and European cultures, which makes it an interesting place to visit. Honiara has a vibrant nightlife with many bars, clubs, and restaurants. It also has some beautiful beaches and a few historical sites worth exploring.
Gizo is the second largest city in Solomon Islands. It is located on Gizo Island in the Western Province of the country. The city has a population of around 10,000 people and offers a great variety of activities for visitors to enjoy including scuba diving, snorkeling, surfing, fishing and sailing. Gizo also has some excellent restaurants serving local delicacies such as sea food and tropical fruits. There are also several historical sites worth visiting in Gizo such as the World War II Memorials at Kennedy’s Anchorage and Henderson Field Airport.
Finally, Auki is the third largest city in Solomon Islands with a population of around 6500 people. It is situated on Malaita Island in the Malaita Province of the country. Auki offers plenty to do including several markets selling local produce such as fruit and vegetables as well as handicrafts made by locals from around the island. There are also some great views from Auki’s hilltop lookout point which gives you an excellent view over the surrounding area including nearby islands like Ugi Island.
|1||Honiara, Solomon Islands||56,409||-9.43333||159.95|
|2||Auki, Solomon Islands||6,922||-8.76778||160.698|
|3||Gizo, Solomon Islands||6,265||-8.10303||156.842|
|4||Buala, Solomon Islands||2,811||-8.14497||159.592|
|5||Tulagi, Solomon Islands||1,861||-9.10306||160.151|
|6||Kirakira, Solomon Islands||1,233||-10.4544||161.92|
|7||Lata, Solomon Islands||664||-10.725||165.797|
Solomon Islands: Honiara
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital, named Honiara, is located on the largest island in the Solomon Islands, on Guadalcanal . This is where international visitors arrive because the capital is also home to the airport. Many of the species of orchids that grow in the Solomon Islands can be seen in the capital’s botanical garden. The National Museum and Parliament are also located here.