Facts about Sudan
Official languages: Arabic, English
Area: 1,861,484 km²
Population: 35.0 million residents
Population density: 18.80 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .sd
ISO codes: SD, SDN , 729
The dialing code for Sudan is +249
Flag of Sudan
The flag of Sudan, which was adopted in 1970, is composed of three horizontal stripes in red, white and black and a green wedge in the flagpole side. The flag from before the 1970 coup consisted of a horizontal blue-yellow-green tricolor. The current flag is very similar to the former flag of Libya, which also carried the traditional pan-Arab colors in solidarity with other Arab countries. The official color symbolism is as follows: the red stripe represents struggle and spilled blood and the white represents the Islamic population, peace and love. The black color is meant to represent Sudan as such, and the green symbolizes Sudan’s prosperity and agricultural tradition.
Sudan is a state in northeast Africa that lies on the Red Sea and borders Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. See Sudan Location on World Map. Sudan is the largest country in Africa and Khartoum is its capital.
Biggest Cities of Sudan by Population
Sudan is the largest country in Africa, and its population stands at approximately 40 million people. As such, it is home to some of the biggest cities in the continent. The largest city in Sudan is Khartoum, with a population of around 5 million people. Located at the convergence of the Blue and White Niles, Khartoum has been a major commercial center for centuries. It has an ancient history and was once the capital of Egypt’s Mamluk Sultanate from 1260-1517. Today, Khartoum is a modern city with high-rise buildings, bustling streets and a vibrant cultural scene. It also boasts some of Sudan’s most important historical sites such as the National Museum of Sudan and Tomb of Mahdi Mohammed Ahmed.
The second largest city in Sudan is Omdurman, located on the west bank of the Nile River just across from Khartoum. With a population of around 2 million people, Omdurman is an important commercial center and home to several universities including Omdurman Islamic University and University of El Azhar. The city also features a number of historical sites such as Mahdi Mosque and Great Mosque of Omdurman which date back to 1898 when Sudan was under British rule. Additionally, there are several markets selling traditional goods such as spices, dates and textiles as well as great restaurants serving traditional Sudanese cuisine like ful medames (fava bean dish) and kisra (injera bread).
The third largest city in Sudan is Nyala located in Darfur region with a population around 800 thousand people. Nyala has long been an important trading post due to its proximity to Chad border. The city features some interesting attractions such as Al Fashir Zoo which houses rare animals like black rhinoceros and hyenas as well as Nyala Museum which displays artifacts from both ancient times and more recent eras in Darfur’s history. Additionally there are several markets selling local goods like traditional jewelry and handicrafts made by locals from Darfur region alongside great restaurants serving traditional dishes like shorba (lentil soup) or dukhun-al-asal (honey cake).
|4||Port Sudan, Sudan||489,836||19.6175||37.2164|
|6||El Obeid, Sudan||393,422||13.1842||30.2167|
|7||Al Qadarif, Sudan||364,056||14.0349||35.3834|
|9||Wad Medani, Sudan||332,825||14.4012||33.5199|
|10||El Daein, Sudan||264,845||11.4619||26.1258|
|11||El Fasher, Sudan||252,720||13.6279||25.3494|
|17||Al Manaqil, Sudan||128,408||14.2459||32.9891|
|19||An Nuhud, Sudan||108,119||12.7||28.4333|
|21||Ed Damer, Sudan||104,052||17.599||33.972|
|23||Ad Douiem, Sudan||87,179||14.0012||32.3116|
|24||Umm Ruwaba, Sudan||55,853||12.9061||31.2158|
|27||As Suki, Sudan||33,635||13.3167||33.8833|
|28||Ar Ruseris, Sudan||28,973||11.8659||34.3869|
|29||Al Hasaheisa, Sudan||28,846||14.7526||33.2984|
|34||Ar Rahad, Sudan||26,384||12.7167||30.65|
|36||Al Hawatah, Sudan||24,624||13.4167||34.6333|
|39||Abu Jibeha, Sudan||21,901||11.4562||31.2285|
|40||Al Mijlad, Sudan||20,108||11.0333||27.7333|
|43||El Bauga, Sudan||19,252||18.262||33.9081|
|44||Al Qitena, Sudan||18,432||14.8648||32.3668|
|45||Al Hilaliyya, Sudan||17,456||14.9398||33.234|
|47||Abu Zabad, Sudan||15,415||12.35||29.25|
|48||Ad Dindar, Sudan||15,255||13.2||34.1667|
|54||Ad Dabbah, Sudan||11,737||18.05||30.95|
|55||El Matama, Sudan||11,477||16.7095||33.3565|
|56||Al Fulah, Sudan||11,349||11.7329||28.3579|
|58||Al Lagowa, Sudan||11,135||11.4||29.1333|
|59||Umm Kaddadah, Sudan||11,090||13.6017||26.6876|
|61||Wad Rawah, Sudan||10,459||15.1603||33.1397|
|63||Al Kawa, Sudan||10,278||13.7463||32.4996|
|65||Al Kiremit al `Arakiyyin, Sudan||9,886||14.3476||32.9437|
|67||Al Masallamiyya, Sudan||9,484||14.5748||33.3373|
|68||Wad az Zaki, Sudan||9,382||14.4619||32.2065|
|69||Um Jar Al Gharbiyya, Sudan||9,149||13.8013||32.4078|
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Sudan is called Khartoum. Translated it means “elephant trunk”. The two tributaries of the Nile, the White and the Blue Nile, meet here. The city is located at the intersection of the two tributaries of the Nile. Since this looks like the end of a trunk, it was given this name.
If you look at a map of Sudan, Khartoum is roughly in the middle of Sudan. The city is also the center of the country. This is where the government and administration of the country and the university are located. Today Khartoum is a modern city with several million inhabitants, as the city is composed of several parts.