Facts about Syria
Official languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, French, English
Area: 185,180 km²
Population: 22.2 million residents
Population density: 119.87 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .sy
ISO : SY, SYR, 760
The prefix for Syria is +963
Syria (officially the Arab Republic of Syria, Arabic الجمهورية العربية السورية al-Jumhūriyya al-ʿarabiyya as-sūriyya) is a state in the Middle East and part of the Mashrek. Syria borders Israel and Jordan to the south, Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, and Iraq to the east. With around 185,000 square kilometers, Syria is roughly half the size of Germany. See Syria Location on World Map.
Flag of Syria
The Syrian flag is composed of a tricolor of red, white and black horizontal stripes. In addition, there are two green five-pointed stars in the middle of the white stripe. The tricolor was adopted during the struggles for independence from the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century. However, independence did not last long, Syria was dominated by France and only achieved full independence after the end of World War 2 in 1946. The flag has changed several times since then, but the pan-Arab colors still remain. The current flag was adopted for the second time in 1980, the first time was in 1958, when Syria formed the United Arab Republic together with Egypt. After a change in the political situation in the alliance, the hawk symbol even replaced the stars for some time, which is now the dominant feature of the Egyptian flag.
Biggest Cities of Syria by Population
Syria is a country located in the Middle East, bordering Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan and Israel. It has an estimated population of 18.2 million people and its capital city is Damascus. Syria is known for its rich history and culture, as well as its vibrant cities. The largest cities in Syria are Aleppo, Homs, Hama and Damascus.
Aleppo is the largest city in Syria with a population of 4 million people. It is located in northern Syria near the Turkish border and was once an important trading center between Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean Sea. Aleppo has many historical sites such as the Citadel of Aleppo which was built by Saladin in 1183 AD and features a mosque, a palace and ancient baths. There are also several museums such as the Archaeological Museum of Aleppo which houses artifacts from various periods including the Roman period.
Homs is located in central Syria with a population of 1 million people. It was founded by Ancient Greeks in 800 BC and has since been inhabited by various civilizations including Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans. The city is home to many monuments such as the Great Mosque of al-Nuri which dates back to 661 AD and features intricate Islamic architecture. There are also several museums such as the National Museum of Homs which displays artifacts from different eras including Ancient Greek sculptures, Roman mosaics and Islamic manuscripts.
Hama is situated on the Orontes River in western Syria with a population of 810 thousand people. It was once an important trade center between Europe and Asia Minor during its heyday under Byzantine rule (6th century). The city has many attractions such as Hama Water Wheels which were used to irrigate crops since ancient times; Azem Palace – an 18th century Ottoman palace; plus several museums like National Museum of Hama which exhibits artifacts from different eras including Hellenistic sculptures , Byzantine frescoes , Umayyad coins , plus Islamic manuscripts.
Finally there’s Damascus – located at the foot of Mount Qasioun with a population around 4 million people. Known for being one of oldest continuously inhabited cities since 10th century BC plus numerous cultural attractions like Umayyad Mosque – an 8th century mosque featuring stunning Islamic architecture ; plus Azm Palace – an 18th century Ottoman palace displaying traditional furniture , textiles & ceramics. Additionally there are plenty stores selling local goods like Syrian honey alongside great restaurants serving traditional dishes like Kibbeh (meat & bulgur dumplings) or Fattoush (salad with fried pita bread).
|6||Deir ez-Zor, Syria||242,676||35.3359||40.1408|
|7||Ar Raqqah, Syria||177,747||35.9528||39.0079|
|8||Al Bab, Syria||130,856||36.3705||37.5157|
|13||As Salamiyah, Syria||94,998||35.0113||37.0532|
|15||Ath Thawrah, Syria||87,991||35.8376||38.5483|
|16||Al Hasakah, Syria||81,650||36.5024||40.7477|
|20||As Safirah, Syria||63,819||36.077||37.3725|
|21||As Suwayda’, Syria||59,163||32.709||36.5695|
|22||Albu Kamal, Syria||57,683||34.4523||40.9185|
|23||At Tall, Syria||55,672||33.6103||36.3107|
|24||Al Mayadin, Syria||54,645||35.0198||40.4515|
|25||Ar Rastan, Syria||53,263||34.9267||36.7324|
|27||Ayn al ‘Arab, Syria||50,111||36.8909||38.3535|
|28||An Nabk, Syria||49,483||34.024||36.7285|
|29||Khan Shaykhun, Syria||49,086||35.4421||36.651|
|33||Al Qusayr, Syria||41,173||34.5078||36.5803|
|35||Jisr ash Shughur, Syria||39,422||35.8142||36.3198|
|39||Al Qunaytirah, Syria||36,254||33.1259||35.8246|
|45||Al Qaryatayn, Syria||31,859||34.2296||37.2407|
|52||Az Zabadani, Syria||29,660||33.7249||36.1005|
|53||Tayyibat al Imam, Syria||29,370||35.2659||36.7122|
|56||Dayr Hafir, Syria||29,016||36.1569||37.7078|
|58||Ash Shaykh Miskin, Syria||26,031||32.8294||36.1593|
|59||As Sanamayn, Syria||25,813||33.0719||36.1832|
|60||Tall Rif`at, Syria||25,769||36.4723||37.0947|
|64||Al Harak, Syria||23,895||32.7493||36.3099|
|65||Al Kiswah, Syria||23,637||33.3581||36.2419|
|67||Kafr Takharim, Syria||22,547||36.1168||36.5152|
|68||Ad Dana, Syria||22,098||36.2125||36.77|
|69||Kafr Zayta, Syria||21,956||35.3742||36.6033|
|70||Kafr Laha, Syria||21,930||34.8947||36.4958|
|71||Ad Darbasiyah, Syria||21,592||37.0728||40.652|
|74||Al Qutayfah, Syria||16,229||33.7385||36.6007|
|79||Ad Duraykish, Syria||12,029||34.8951||36.143|
|80||Al Ghantu, Syria||9,523||34.822||36.6961|
|81||Mukharram al Fawqani, Syria||9,223||34.8152||37.0868|
|83||Dayr al ‘Asafir, Syria||6,320||33.4659||36.4204|
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Syria is Damascus. Damascus is located in the southwest of Syria, only 15 kilometers from the border with Libya. Damascus is one of the oldest cities on earth that were continuously inhabited by humans. It is an important center of culture and religions.
Damascus was first mentioned on a hieroglyphic tablet of the ancient Egyptians around 3500 years ago. Unfortunately, today’s Damascus is no longer what it used to be. Here, too, the war has left its mark.