Facts about Republic of China
Official languages: Chinese, Chinese
Area: 35,980 km²
Population: 22.9 million residents
Population density: 636.31 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .tw
ISO codes: TW, TWN, 158
The prefix for Republic of China is +886
Taiwan (Chin. 台湾 / 臺灣, Táiwān, W.-G. T’ai-wan) is an island off the Chinese mainland in the western Pacific, separated by the Taiwan Strait. Taiwan was incorporated into the Republic of China in 1945 after the end of World War II and the defeat of the Japanese. It has formed the main part of the republic since 1949, after Chiang Kai-Shek’s troops withdrew to the island after the civil war against Mao Zedong’s Red Army was lost. At the same time, Taiwan is claimed by the People’s Republic of China, but has never been controlled by it.
Taiwan’s rapid industrialization and economic growth during the second half of the 20th century is known as ” The Taiwan Miracle” (台灣 奇蹟 / 台湾 奇迹, Táiwān Qíjì) or Taiwan’s Economic Miracle. With Singapore, South Korea and Hong Kong, Taiwan is one of the four “tiger states”.
Flag of Taiwan
The flag of Taiwan is composed of a red leaf and a small blue rectangle in the upper left part of the flag. In the middle of the rectangle there is also a sluce with twelve rays. The flag was adopted in 1949 when the Chinese Communists defeated the Kuomintang, which subsequently established a government-in-exile in Taiwan. Red is a traditional Chinese color and the sun’s rays represent the twelve hours of day and night, indirectly symbolizing the progress of the country. The sun itself represents the principles of yang, and the colors used together are supposed to represent the three basic principles of humanity – patriotism, democracy and purity. The flag of Taiwan is very similar to the former flag of Burma.
|Population growth rate||0.11%|
|Birth rate||8.30 births per 1,000 residents|
|Overall life expectancy||79.71 years|
|Men life expectancy||76.58 years|
|Women life expectancy||83.06 years|
|65 years and above||14.36%|
|Median age||39.70 years|
|Gender ratio||1.00 M / F|
|Population density||656.00 residents per km²|
|Xinbei (New Taipei) 3,970,644, Gaoxiong 2,778,918, Taizhong 2,744,445, Taibei (Taipei) 2,704,810 (A 6.9 million), Taoyuan 2,105,780, Tainan 1,885. 541, Xinzhu 434.060|
|predominantly Han Chinese (70% South Fujianese, 15% Hakka, 13% so-called mainland Chinese immigrated after 1949), 2% Malaio-Polynes. Native people (11 ethnic groups: 38% Ami, 23% Atayal, 18% Paiwan etc.)|
|Mix of Buddhists, Confucians and Taoists 93%; Christians 4.5%, others 2.5%|
|Human Development Index (HDI)|
Biggest Cities of Taiwan by Population
Taipei is the capital and largest city in Taiwan. It is located in the northern part of the country and is home to more than 2.6 million people. It is a vibrant and cosmopolitan city with many attractions for visitors, including temples, museums, shopping areas, night markets, and a busy nightlife. The Taipei 101 skyscraper stands as a symbol of the city’s modernity and its status as an international business hub. Kaohsiung is Taiwan’s second-largest city, located in the south of the island. With around 2 million inhabitants, it is one of the most populous cities in Asia. Kaohsiung has a unique cultural identity that combines traditional Chinese culture with a strong local Taiwanese identity. It also offers plenty of attractions for visitors such as hot springs, beaches, mountains, temples and shopping areas. Taichung is Taiwan’s third-largest city with over 1 million inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located in central Taiwan between Taipei and Kaohsiung, it has become an important economic center with many industries such as electronics manufacturing, chemical engineering and research institutes based here. It also offers plenty of cultural attractions like historical sites from Japanese rule such as Calligraphy Greenway Park or Beitun Main Street for shopping experiences or Chungshe Flower Market for experiencing local flowers culture.
|7||Taoyuan City, Taiwan||402,125||24.9937||121.297|
|9||Hualien City, Taiwan||350,579||23.9769||121.604|
|11||Taitung City, Taiwan||109,695||22.7583||121.144|
|21||Zhongxing New Village, Taiwan||25,660||23.9591||120.685|
According to Abbreviation Finder, Taipei is the capital city of Taiwan.