Largest Cities in Taiwan

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about Republic of China

Official languages: Chinese, Chinese
Capital: Taipei
Area: 35,980 km²
Population: 22.9 million residents
Population density: 636.31 residents per km²
Currency: TWD
Internet TLD: .tw
ISO codes: TW, TWN, 158
The prefix for Republic of China is +886

Taiwan (Chin. 台湾 / 臺灣, Táiwān, W.-G. T’ai-wan) is an island off the Chinese mainland in the western Pacific, separated by the Taiwan Strait. Taiwan was incorporated into the Republic of China in 1945 after the end of World War II and the defeat of the Japanese. It has formed the main part of the republic since 1949, after Chiang Kai-Shek’s troops withdrew to the island after the civil war against Mao Zedong’s Red Army was lost. At the same time, Taiwan is claimed by the People’s Republic of China, but has never been controlled by it.

Taiwan’s rapid industrialization and economic growth during the second half of the 20th century is known as ” The Taiwan Miracle” (台灣 奇蹟 / 台湾 奇迹, Táiwān Qíjì) or Taiwan’s Economic Miracle. With Singapore, South Korea and Hong Kong, Taiwan is one of the four “tiger states”.

Flag of Taiwan

The flag of Taiwan is composed of a red leaf and a small blue rectangle in the upper left part of the flag. In the middle of the rectangle there is also a sluce with twelve rays. The flag was adopted in 1949 when the Chinese Communists defeated the Kuomintang, which subsequently established a government-in-exile in Taiwan. Red is a traditional Chinese color and the sun’s rays represent the twelve hours of day and night, indirectly symbolizing the progress of the country. The sun itself represents the principles of yang, and the colors used together are supposed to represent the three basic principles of humanity – patriotism, democracy and purity. The flag of Taiwan is very similar to the former flag of Burma.


Total population 23,603,049
Population growth rate 0.11%
Birth rate 8.30 births per 1,000 residents
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 79.71 years
Men life expectancy 76.58 years
Women life expectancy 83.06 years
Age structure
0-14 years 12.68%
15-64 years 72.96%
65 years and above 14.36%
Median age 39.70 years
Gender ratio 1.00 M / F
Population density 656.00 residents per km²
Urbanization 92.00%
Xinbei (New Taipei) 3,970,644, Gaoxiong 2,778,918, Taizhong 2,744,445, Taibei (Taipei) 2,704,810 (A 6.9 million), Taoyuan 2,105,780, Tainan 1,885. 541, Xinzhu 434.060
predominantly Han Chinese (70% South Fujianese, 15% Hakka, 13% so-called mainland Chinese immigrated after 1949), 2% Malaio-Polynes. Native people (11 ethnic groups: 38% Ami, 23% Atayal, 18% Paiwan etc.)
Mix of Buddhists, Confucians and Taoists 93%; Christians 4.5%, others 2.5%
Human Development Index (HDI)
HDI ranking


Biggest Cities of Taiwan by Population

Taipei is the capital and largest city in Taiwan. It is located in the northern part of the country and is home to more than 2.6 million people. It is a vibrant and cosmopolitan city with many attractions for visitors, including temples, museums, shopping areas, night markets, and a busy nightlife. The Taipei 101 skyscraper stands as a symbol of the city’s modernity and its status as an international business hub. Kaohsiung is Taiwan’s second-largest city, located in the south of the island. With around 2 million inhabitants, it is one of the most populous cities in Asia. Kaohsiung has a unique cultural identity that combines traditional Chinese culture with a strong local Taiwanese identity. It also offers plenty of attractions for visitors such as hot springs, beaches, mountains, temples and shopping areas. Taichung is Taiwan’s third-largest city with over 1 million inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located in central Taiwan between Taipei and Kaohsiung, it has become an important economic center with many industries such as electronics manufacturing, chemical engineering and research institutes based here. It also offers plenty of cultural attractions like historical sites from Japanese rule such as Calligraphy Greenway Park or Beitun Main Street for shopping experiences or Chungshe Flower Market for experiencing local flowers culture.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Taipei, Taiwan 7,872,011 25.0478 121.532
2 Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1,519,822 22.6163 120.313
3 Taichung, Taiwan 1,040,836 24.1469 120.684
4 Tainan, Taiwan 771,346 22.9908 120.213
5 Banqiao, Taiwan 543,453 25.0143 121.467
6 Hsinchu, Taiwan 404,220 24.8036 120.969
7 Taoyuan City, Taiwan 402,125 24.9937 121.297
8 Keelung, Taiwan 397,626 25.1283 121.742
9 Hualien City, Taiwan 350,579 23.9769 121.604
10 Yuanlin, Taiwan 124,836 23.9611 120.572
11 Taitung City, Taiwan 109,695 22.7583 121.144
12 Nantou, Taiwan 105,793 23.9157 120.664
13 Douliu, Taiwan 104,834 23.7094 120.543
14 Yilan, Taiwan 94,299 24.757 121.753
15 Puli, Taiwan 86,517 23.9664 120.97
16 Daxi, Taiwan 84,660 24.8837 121.29
17 Magong, Taiwan 56,546 23.5654 119.586
18 Donggang, Taiwan 48,211 22.4652 120.449
19 Jincheng, Taiwan 37,618 24.4342 118.317
20 Hengchun, Taiwan 31,399 22.0042 120.744
21 Zhongxing New Village, Taiwan 25,660 23.9591 120.685
22 Lugu, Taiwan 19,710 23.7464 120.753
23 Yujing, Taiwan 16,708 23.1249 120.461

Taipei is the capital city of Taiwan.