Facts about Tonga
Official languages: Tongan, English
Area: 748 km²
Population: 122,580 residents
Population density: 163.88 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .to
ISO codes: TO, TON, 776
The telephone code for Tonga is +676
The Kingdom of Tonga (Tongan: Pule’anga Fakatu’i ‘o Tonga, English: Kingdom of Tonga) is an island nation in the South Pacific. See Tonga Location on World Map. Tonga is the only state in Oceania that has never been colonized by Europeans and one of the last monarchies in the world. The king determines politics. The economy is based on agriculture, especially on the production of coconuts, cassava and passion fruit.
Flag of Tonga
The flag of the Pacific state of Tonga is one of the older flags, dating back to 1863. Due to its excessive resemblance to the Red Cross flag, it was slightly changed in 1863. The flag in its present form consists of a red leaf and a white rectangle in the upper left part. A red isosceles rectangular cross is placed in a white rectangle. The cross is supposed to symbolize the Christian faith of the inhabitants of the archipelago, and the red color of the leaf is the color of Christ’s blood. Until 1970, Tonga was under British rule, after which the archipelago became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Currently, Tonga benefits mainly from the development of tourism and cooperation within the Community.
Biggest Cities of Tonga by Population
Tonga is a Polynesian country with over 100,000 people and the smallest economy in the Pacific region. The largest city in Tonga is Nuku’alofa, with an estimated population of over 25,000 people. It is the capital and the political, economic, cultural and educational center of Tonga. Located on the main island of Tongatapu, it offers a wide range of attractions for visitors such as markets like Talamahu Market for experiencing local culture or parks like Royal Palace Gardens for recreation activities such as biking or picnicking.
Neiafu is the second-largest city in Tonga with around 8,000 inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located near Vava’u Island Group’s border, it has become an important fishing center with many industries based here such as fish processing and boat building. It also offers plenty of cultural attractions like Captain Cook Monument or Vava’u Maritime Museum which offer stunning views of traditional architecture or parks like Vaipoa Park for outdoor activities like swimming or kayaking.
Ha’apai is the third-largest city in Tonga with around 4,500 inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located near Ha’apai Islands’ border, it has become an important transportation hub due to its position on major sea routes connecting Nuku’alofa to other parts of Tonga as well as neighbouring countries. Ha’apai also offers plenty of attractions for visitors such as Lavengamalie Beach for experiencing local culture or Uoleva Island Conservation Area for outdoor activities such as snorkelling and birdwatching.
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Tonga is called Nukuʻalofa . By the way, translated this means “The home of love” – that’s a very nice name for a capital city. The city is also the country’s economic hub. The international airport Fuaʻamotu is located nearby – about 25 kilometers from the capital. There is also a university in the capital, or at least something like a university. There is also a cinema. However, there are not so many sights to discover here.