Facts about Trinidad and Tobago
Official languages: English, French, Spanish, Chinese
Capital: Port of Spain
Area: 5,128 km²
Population: 1.2 million residents
Population density: 239.60 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .tt
ISO codes: TT, TTO, 780
The telephone code for Trinidad and Tobago is + 1-868
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago
The flag of the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago was adopted after the declaration of independence in 1962 and its base consists of a red leaf. It is cut from the upper left corner by a diagonal black stripe bordered by a narrower white stripe. Due to its location, this state was the center of interest of the colonial powers for a long time. The Spanish fought for it together with the Dutch, the French and the British. In addition, the British transported many Indians here to replace the African population enslaved on the plantations. Today, this means that Trinidad and Tobago is a country with a very diverse population. The symbolism of the colors of the flag is as follows: black represents the unity of the local diverse population, red its vitality and strength, and white is supposed to resemble the ripples of the sea surrounding the islands and the purity of the ideals of the local population.
Trinidad and Tobago is a Caribbean island state that includes the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. The islands are the southernmost of the Lesser Antilles and are located off the coast of Venezuela. See Trinidad and Tobago Location on World Map.
Christopher Columbus reached the island of Trinidad on July 31, 1498. He named it after the Trinity because of its three distinctive mountain peaks. The name of the island of Tobago is derived from the word tobacco. It was also discovered by Columbus.
In 1797 the British took control of Trinidad. During World War II, Trinidad was the largest allied military base in the Caribbean, as it played an essential role in anti-submarine combat in the Atlantic and the Caribbean. During this time the foundations for today’s infrastructure and industry on the island were created.
In 1958, Trinidad and Tobago became independent from Great Britain as part of the West Indian Federation, the capital of which was Port-of-Spain. But the federation broke up in 1962; on August 31, Trinidad and Tobago finally gained independence. In 1987 Tobago received internal autonomy.
The Pitch Lake in Trinidad is the largest natural asphalt deposits in the world.
The steel pan (steel drum) is the national musical instrument of Trinidad and Tobago. The instrument was invented in the 1930s. The British colonial rulers banned the locals from drumming on African percussion instruments. Therefore the lower class of Trinidad was looking for new ways of musical expression. The first steel pans were made from discarded oil drums, which were in abundance in Trinidad due to the oil industry. The steel pan is one of the few acoustic musical instruments invented during the 20th century and has enjoyed great popularity, particularly in North America and Europe, since its inception.
Biggest Cities of Trinidad and Tobago by Population
Trinidad and Tobago is a Caribbean nation with over 1.4 million people and one of the most prosperous economies in the region. The largest city in Trinidad and Tobago is Port of Spain, with an estimated population of over 55,000 people. It is the capital and the political, economic, cultural and educational center of Trinidad and Tobago. Located on the main island of Trinidad, it offers a wide range of attractions for visitors such as markets like Queen’s Park Savannah for experiencing local culture or parks like Chaguaramas National Park for recreation activities such as hiking or birdwatching.
San Fernando is the second-largest city in Trinidad and Tobago with around 40,000 inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located near Trinidad’s southwest coast, it has become an important transportation hub due to its position on major highways connecting Port of Spain to other parts of Trinidad as well as neighbouring countries. San Fernando also offers plenty of attractions for visitors such as Naparima Bowl for experiencing local culture or La Brea Pitch Lake for outdoor activities such as swimming or kayaking.
Arima is the third-largest city in Trinidad and Tobago with around 25,000 inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located near Northern Range Mountains’ border, it has become an important economic center with many industries based here such as manufacturing and agriculture. It also offers plenty of cultural attractions like Arima Old Market Square or Santa Rosa Carib Community Museum which offer stunning views of traditional architecture or parks like Las Cuevas Bay Nature Reserve for outdoor activities like trekking or wildlife watching.
|1||Chaguanas, Trinidad and Tobago||67,544||10.5167||-61.4167|
|2||Mon Repos, Trinidad and Tobago||56,491||10.2798||-61.4459|
|3||San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago||55,530||10.2797||-61.4683|
|4||Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago||49,142||10.6667||-61.5189|
|5||Rio Claro, Trinidad and Tobago||35,761||10.3059||-61.1756|
|6||Arima, Trinidad and Tobago||35,111||10.6374||-61.2823|
|7||Marabella, Trinidad and Tobago||26,811||10.3062||-61.4467|
|8||Laventille, Trinidad and Tobago||21,111||10.6492||-61.4989|
|9||Point Fortin, Trinidad and Tobago||19,167||10.1741||-61.6841|
|10||Tunapuna, Trinidad and Tobago||17,869||10.6524||-61.3888|
|11||Scarborough, Trinidad and Tobago||17,111||11.1823||-60.7352|
|12||Sangre Grande, Trinidad and Tobago||16,079||10.5871||-61.1301|
|13||Paradise, Trinidad and Tobago||15,178||10.653||-61.363|
|14||Penal, Trinidad and Tobago||12,392||10.1667||-61.4667|
|15||Arouca, Trinidad and Tobago||12,165||10.6288||-61.3349|
|16||Princes Town, Trinidad and Tobago||10,111||10.2718||-61.371|
|17||Siparia, Trinidad and Tobago||8,679||10.1453||-61.5074|
|18||Petit Valley, Trinidad and Tobago||8,251||10.6997||-61.5472|
|19||Couva, Trinidad and Tobago||5,289||10.4225||-61.4675|
Trinidad and Tobago: Port of Spain
According to Abbreviation Finder, the capital of Trinidad and Tobago is Port of Spain. That translates to the port of Spain. The Spanish founded a fort here in 1560. The city is located on the north-western coast on the Gulf of Paria. Around 49,000 people live here. Port of Spain is not the largest city in the country because that is Chaguanas with 83,000 inhabitants. However, around half a million people live in the Port of Spain area.