Facts about Tunisia
Official languages: Arabic, French
Area: 163,610 km²
Population: 10.6 million residents
Population density: 64.72 residents per km²
Internet TLD: .tn
ISO codes: TN, TUN, 788
The dialing code for Tunisia is +216
Flag of Tunisia
The Tunisian flag was adopted in 1835 and has not changed significantly since then. The red leaf bears the traditional symbols of Islam – a red crescent and a five-pointed star in a white circle, which is supposed to symbolize the sun. These symbols are also meant to point to the historical affiliation with the Ottoman Empire. The flag may resemble the Turkish flag, as the Turks ruled Tunisia for several centuries, but the moon and stars are white on the Turkish flag, and the white circle is also missing. The flag has existed in this form, with minor modifications, since around the 19th century, so it survived the period of French rule until independence in 1956.
The Tunisian Republic is a country in North Africa, which borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east, Algeria to the west and Libya to the south. See Tunisia Location on World Map. The name Tunisia is derived from the name of its capital Tunis. Tunisia is the easternmost of the Maghreb countries. At 163,610 km², the country is roughly twice the size of Austria. It is inhabited by more than ten million people. The largest offshore island is Djerba. Tunisia is the northernmost country in Africa and only 140 kilometers from Sicily.
The gross domestic product (GDP) has risen steadily for 20 years. This was possible because of the political stability and continuity in the country. Tunisia is therefore classified as an emerging country by the OECD and is considered the most competitive country in Africa. The greatest economic challenges for Tunisia lie in combating the high unemployment rate that has been high for years and increasing the level of investment in the private and public sectors. Structural reforms are also deemed necessary. The unemployment rate was 15.2% in August 2015. However, unemployment is significantly higher among young people and academics.
With 1,300 kilometers of coastline, mostly sandy beaches, and a rich cultural heritage, Tunisia has great tourist potential. Tourism has also become an important industry since the early 1970s. As a result of the unstable political situation and the threat of terrorism, however, the tourism sector suffered a severe slump.
Biggest Cities of Tunisia by Population
Tunisia is a North African country with over 11.5 million people and a rapidly developing economy. The largest city in Tunisia is Tunis, with an estimated population of over 2.2 million people. It is the capital and the political, economic, cultural and educational center of Tunisia. Located on the Gulf of Tunis, it offers a wide range of attractions for visitors such as markets like Souk El Attarine for experiencing local culture or parks like Jardin du Belvedere for recreation activities such as biking or picnicking.
Sfax is the second-largest city in Tunisia with around 750,000 inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located near Tunisia’s southeast coast, it has become an important transportation hub due to its position on major highways connecting Tunis to other parts of Tunisia as well as neighbouring countries. Sfax also offers plenty of attractions for visitors such as Dar Jellouli Museum for experiencing local culture or Kerkennah Islands for outdoor activities such as fishing or birdwatching.
Sousse is the third-largest city in Tunisia with around 500,000 inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located near Mediterranean Sea’s shoreline, it has become an important economic center with many industries based here such as tourism and manufacturing. It also offers plenty of cultural attractions like Ribat Castle or Grand Mosque which offer stunning views of traditional architecture or parks like Oudna National Park for outdoor activities like trekking or wildlife watching.
|10||La Goulette, Tunisia||79,906||36.8181||10.305|
|12||Ben Arous, Tunisia||75,043||36.7531||10.2189|
|14||La Mohammedia, Tunisia||66,704||36.6745||10.1563|
|15||Al Marsa, Tunisia||65,751||36.8782||10.3247|
|18||Houmt El Souk, Tunisia||62,694||33.8758||10.8574|
|20||El Hamma, Tunisia||62,111||33.8915||9.79629|
|27||El Kef, Tunisia||48,090||36.1742||8.70486|
|29||Oued Lill, Tunisia||47,212||36.8341||10.0406|
|30||Menzel Bourguiba, Tunisia||46,356||37.1537||9.78594|
|35||Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia||42,209||35.0382||9.48494|
|38||Ksar Hellal, Tunisia||39,903||35.6477||10.8905|
|40||Dar Chabanne, Tunisia||34,064||36.468||10.7517|
|41||Hammam Sousse, Tunisia||33,945||35.8609||10.6031|
|44||La Sebala du Mornag, Tunisia||33,532||36.6793||10.292|
|47||Ar Rudayyif, Tunisia||30,159||34.3827||8.15549|
|49||Ksour Essaf, Tunisia||28,047||35.4181||10.9948|
|54||Menzel Jemil, Tunisia||21,653||37.2362||9.91448|
|56||Medjez el Bab, Tunisia||20,229||36.6496||9.61231|
|57||El Jem, Tunisia||20,140||35.3||10.7167|
|61||Douar Tindja, Tunisia||18,662||37.1667||9.75|
|63||El Fahs, Tunisia||18,194||36.3742||9.90651|
|64||Beni Khiar, Tunisia||18,122||36.4692||10.7822|
|66||Mennzel Bou Zelfa, Tunisia||16,342||36.6831||10.5843|
|67||El Alia, Tunisia||16,194||37.1691||10.0348|
|71||Menzel Abderhaman, Tunisia||15,880||37.2374||9.86313|
|72||Galaat el Andeless, Tunisia||15,424||37.0629||10.1183|
|79||Ben Gardane, Tunisia||13,475||33.1378||11.2197|
|82||Bou Arada, Tunisia||12,269||36.3525||9.62175|
|83||Ksibet el Mediouni, Tunisia||11,424||35.6856||10.8426|
|84||Beni Khalled, Tunisia||11,411||36.6504||10.59|
|85||As Sars, Tunisia||11,090||36.0764||9.02117|
|87||Bou Arkoub, Tunisia||10,135||36.5385||10.5509|
|88||El Haouaria, Tunisia||9,384||37.05||11.0144|
|91||Sidi Bou Ali, Tunisia||8,966||35.9567||10.4731|
|92||Menzel Kamel, Tunisia||8,425||35.6248||10.6673|
|93||Beni Hassane, Tunisia||8,250||35.5672||10.8087|
|95||As Sanad, Tunisia||7,970||34.4628||9.26404|
|97||Le Krib, Tunisia||7,802||36.328||9.13613|
|98||Al Matlin, Tunisia||7,481||37.2452||10.05|
|100||El Golaa, Tunisia||7,300||33.4849||9.00678|
|102||Sidi Alouane, Tunisia||7,162||35.375||10.939|
|103||El Maamoura, Tunisia||7,080||36.465||10.8061|
|105||Er Regueb, Tunisia||6,813||34.8593||9.78654|
|106||Zaouiat Djedidi, Tunisia||6,694||36.6437||10.5743|
|107||Sakiet Sidi Youssef, Tunisia||6,553||36.2229||8.35547|
|113||El Battan, Tunisia||6,158||36.8037||9.84424|
|114||Port el Kantaoui, Tunisia||6,111||35.8924||10.5943|
|118||El Ksour, Tunisia||5,145||35.8961||8.88493|
|119||Rhar el Melah, Tunisia||5,129||37.1694||10.1906|
|120||Bir el Hafey, Tunisia||5,127||34.9321||9.19321|
According to Abbreviation Finder, Tunis is the capital of Tunisia. The country was even named after its capital. It is believed that Tunis is the oldest city in northern Africa. For a long time it stood in the shadow of the more famous Carthage. But after the Romans Carthage in 146 BC. The economic and cultural importance of Tunis grew.
In this colorful city you will find evidence of Arab culture such as mosques next to modern office buildings that could just as easily be in Frankfurt or Paris. You will discover colorful and lively trading districts that almost look like they were in the Middle Ages, right next to glass shopping centers and luxury shops. Huge bazaars with traditional goods and African art make the city come alive. By the way, many goods are produced on site. In Tunisia you can buy leather goods, copper and silver goods, fabrics and clothing, carpets and blankets in the souks. Action is common.