Largest Cities in Turkmenistan

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about Turkmenistan

Official languages: Turkmen, Russian, Uzbek
Capital: Ashgabat
Area: 488,100 km²
Population: 4.9 million residents
Population density: 10.12 residents per km²
Currency: TMT
Internet TLD: .tm
ISO codes: TM, TKM , 795
The dialing code for Turkmenistan is +993

Flag of Turkmenistan

The flag of Turkmenistan is considered one of the most complicated flags. The base consists of a dark green leaf and in the upper central part there are five white five-pointed stars and a white crescent motif. The pole side of the flag consists of a vertical stripe with the motif of five so-called balls, which are samples used in the manufacture of carpets. Beneath the spheres are crossed branches of the olive tree, which are the symbol of peace of the United Nations. Turkmenistan is a famous producer of carpets, that’s why this motif was used. The five guls and five stars represent the five main Turkmen tribes and the country’s five provinces. At the same time, the stars, along with the crescent moon and the color green, are traditional symbols of Islam.


Flag of Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan (also known as Turkmenia in German during Soviet times) is a state in Central Asia and lies on the Caspian Sea.

Biggest Cities of Turkmenistan by Population

Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia, with over 5.7 million people and a rapidly developing economy. The largest city in Turkmenistan is Ashgabat, with an estimated population of over 1.1 million people. It is the cultural, economic, and financial hub of the country. Located on the Karakum Desert, it offers a wide range of attractions for visitors such as markets like Altyn Asyr Bazaar for experiencing local culture or parks like Oguzhan Park for recreation activities such as biking or picnicking.

Mary is the second-largest city in Turkmenistan with around 230 thousand inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located near Turkmenistan’s eastern Lebap Province region, it has become an important political center due to its position as the capital of Mary Province as well as home to many government institutions and embassies from other countries. Mary also offers plenty of attractions for visitors such as Koneurgench Fortress for experiencing local culture or Kopet Dag Mountains for outdoor activities such as skiing or hiking.

Turkmenabat is the third-largest city in Turkmenistan with around 180 thousand inhabitants living in its metropolitan area. Located near Amu Darya River’s shoreline, it has become an important economic center with many industries based here such as tourism and manufacturing. It also offers plenty of cultural attractions like Magtymguly Monument or Kipchak Mosque which offer stunning views of traditional architecture or parks like Gyzylgaya National Park for outdoor activities like trekking or wildlife watching.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 727,811 37.95 58.3833
2 Turkmenabat, Turkmenistan 234,928 39.0733 63.5786
3 Dasoguz, Turkmenistan 166,611 41.8363 59.9666
4 Mary, Turkmenistan 114,791 37.5938 61.8303
5 Balkanabat, Turkmenistan 87,933 39.5107 54.3671
6 Bayramaly, Turkmenistan 75,908 37.6185 62.1671
7 Turkmenbasy, Turkmenistan 68,403 40.0222 52.9552
8 Tejen, Turkmenistan 67,405 37.3834 60.5055
9 Abadan, Turkmenistan 39,592 38.0541 58.1972
10 Yoloeten, Turkmenistan 37,816 37.2989 62.3597
11 Gowurdak, Turkmenistan 34,856 37.8124 66.0466
12 Atamyrat, Turkmenistan 33,353 37.8357 65.2106
13 Koeneuergench, Turkmenistan 30,111 42.3277 59.1544
14 Annau, Turkmenistan 27,637 37.8875 58.516
15 Yylanly, Turkmenistan 27,012 41.8333 59.65
16 Gumdag, Turkmenistan 24,423 39.2061 54.5906
17 Baharly, Turkmenistan 23,102 38.4362 57.4316
18 Boldumsaz, Turkmenistan 21,270 42.1282 59.671
19 Bereket, Turkmenistan 21,201 39.2446 55.5154
20 Gazojak, Turkmenistan 21,132 41.1875 61.4036
21 Kaka, Turkmenistan 18,656 37.3482 59.6143
22 Sayat, Turkmenistan 17,873 38.7839 63.8803
23 Seydi, Turkmenistan 17,873 39.4816 62.9137
24 Tagta, Turkmenistan 16,746 41.6504 59.9164
25 Farap, Turkmenistan 14,614 39.1704 63.6116
26 Akdepe, Turkmenistan 14,288 42.0551 59.3788
27 Murgab, Turkmenistan 13,310 37.4966 61.9714
28 Serdar, Turkmenistan 12,111 38.9764 56.2757
29 Serhetabat, Turkmenistan 5,311 35.2799 62.3438

Turkmenistan: Ashgabat

Ashgabat is the name of the capital of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat is written in Turkmen. The city is located in the south of the country in an oasis of the Karakum desert. It is also located on the Karakum Canal. 860,000 people live in Ashgabat. It is also the largest city in the country.

The city was and is being redesigned on a large scale because Turkmenistan wants to show the country’s prosperity to the outside world. This resulted in huge triumphal arches, huge squares, multi-lane parade streets and buildings clad in white marble.

Countries neighboring Turkmenistan