Largest Cities in New Caledonia

by | January 20, 2021

Facts about New Caledonia

Official languages: French
Capital: Noumea
Area: 19,060 km²
Population: 216,494 residents
Population density: 11.36 people per km²
Currency: XPF
Internet TLD: .nc
ISO codes: NC, NCL, 540
The telephone code for New Caledonia is +687

According to countryaah, New Caledonia (French: Nouvelle-Calédonie) has been an overseas community with a special status (collectivité sui generis) since the French constitution was amended on March 28, 2003. Two representatives sit in the Paris National Assembly. The islands were colonized by both Great Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century; the main island came into French possession in 1853. Its use as a penal colony lasted over 40 years from 1864. A referendum in 2014 is to decide on the independence of the islands or whether they remain with France.


Total population 290.009
Population growth rate 1.25%
Birth rate 15.00 births per 1,000 residents
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 77.13 years
Men life expectancy 73.08 years
Women life expectancy 81.37 years
Age structure
0-14 years 22.19%
15-64 years 68.39%
65 years and above 9.42%
Median age 31.40 years
Gender ratio 1.00 M / F
Population density 15.61 residents per km²
Urbanization 61.20%
(Nouméa) [capital] (F 1996) 76300, (Mont-Doré) (Z 1989) 16370, (Dumbéa) (Z 1989) 10052
40.3% Kanak,, 29.2%> Europeans, 8.7% f. Wallis and Futuna, 2% Tahitians, 1.6% Indonesians, 1% Vietnamese, 0.9% Ni-Vanuatu, 16.2% others
Catholics (Roman Catholic) 60% Protestants 30% Others 10%
Human Development Index (HDI)
HDI ranking


Biggest Cities of New Caledonia by Population

New Caledonia is a beautiful island located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is home to a population of over 269,000 people and is known for its stunning landscapes, diverse culture and rich natural resources. The largest city in New Caledonia is Noumea which has a population of over 90,000 people. This vibrant city serves as the country’s political and economic hub and features some great attractions such as the Tjibaou Cultural Centre, Anse Vata Beach and Place des Cocotiers which are all worth visiting during your stay here.

The second largest city in New Caledonia is Mont-Dore which has a population of around 15,000 people. This picturesque city serves as an important gateway to the Southern Province and features some great attractions such as the Parc Provincial de la Riviere Bleue, Plage de Magenta and Jardin Botanique which are all worth visiting during your stay here. Other cities worth visiting in New Caledonia include Dumbéa, Bourail and Poum which all have unique attractions that make them great destinations for travelers looking for something off the beaten path.

# City Population Latitude Longitude
1 Noumea, New Caledonia 93,171 -22.2741 166.449
2 Mont-Dore, New Caledonia 24,791 -22.2626 166.566
3 Dumbea, New Caledonia 19,457 -22.1576 166.457
4 Paita, New Caledonia 12,728 -22.1311 166.357
5 We, New Caledonia 10,486 -20.9169 167.265
6 Tadine, New Caledonia 7,603 -21.55 167.883
7 Kone, New Caledonia 4,683 -21.0595 164.866
8 La Foa, New Caledonia 3,058 -21.7108 165.828