Another and extremely fascinating Altlantic Province is Nova Scotia, the name is Latin for Nova Scotia. It has an area of about 55,280 km², making it the second smallest province and joined Canada in 1867.
The capital, Halifax, is a magical city and was more or less created by the sea. In general, the landscape is in Nova Scotia mainly shaped by the sea. Other important cities are New Glasgow, Bedford, Yarmouth and Darthmouth. Lunenburg, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, invites you to visit with its colorful wooden houses.
In the province there is the Cape Breton Highland National Park, which is located in the north and is an extremely unusual wilderness area. In the south is the Kejimkujik National Park.
The climate in Nova Scotia is mild in winter and rarely snowy. Spring and especially autumn with its “Indian Summer” are good times to travel. The summers are influenced by the Mediterranean-like climate and contribute to pleasant water temperatures.
Nova Scotia – key data
Area: 55,283 sq km, ranked 12th of the provinces of Canada (land Area: 53,338 sq km, water Area: 1,945 sq km)
Share of water surface: 3.5%
Population: 939,531 residents, ranked 7th of the provinces of Canada (2005, estimate)
Population density: 17.0 residents per square kilometer
Member of the Confederation: July 1, 1867 (founding member)
Capital and Largest city: Halifax (282,924 residents, 2006, metropolitan area 411,007 residents, 2006)
Highest point: 532 m, White Hill
Lowest point: 0 m, Atlantic Ocean
Lieutenant Governor: Mayann Francis
Prime Minister: Darrell Dexter
Local time: CET -5 h. From the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November: CET -4 h.
The time difference to Central Europe in Nova Scotia is -5 hours in both winter and summer.
Postal abbreviation: NS
Nova Scotia Map and Geography
Nova Scotia or Nova Scotia is one of the four Atlantic provinces of Canada, which is in front of the mainland as a peninsula. With mainland Canada is Nova Scotia connected only by the Chignecto isthmus, which is a few kilometers wide.
The total area of Nova Scotia is 55,283 square kilometers. This makes Nova Scotia the second smallest province of Canada and about the size of Switzerland. The extension from southwest to northeast is 580 kilometers. No place in this province is more than 35 miles from the sea. The capital of Nova Scotia is Halifax.
While the relatively calm west coast of the province is washed by the Gulf of St. Lawrence, things are much rougher on the east coast, which is exposed to the mighty breakers of the open North Atlantic. The Cabot Strait separates the province of Nova Scotia from the island of Newfoundland to the north.
The coast of Nova Scotia is characterized by countless bays. The province also includes Cape Breton Island in the north, which is separated from mainland Nova Scotia by the narrow Strait of Canso. The so-called Canso Causeway, a dam, represents the connection to the mainland.
Nova Scotia Landmarks
There are interesting sights to see in many parts of Canada, including in Nova Scotia.
The oldest Angelican church in Canada is in Halifax, the capital of Nova Scotias. The Saint Pauls Church was built in 1750.
In 1787 the Loch Broom Loch Church was built. Only wood was used as building materials. The church is in Loch Broom.
In 1803, the Halifax Town Clock was installed in the Halifax tower. The movement was made in London by a royal watchmaker and has worked flawlessly to this day.
The citadel is located on the hill in front of the city. It is a landmark of the city and is home to several museums.
Nova Scotia is the place for anyone who is interested in nature. Between the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic coast lies the Kyiymkyjk National Park and the National Historic Site. In this park there are several historical settlements and some rock paintings that are very old.
The park itself has an extremely diverse flora and fauna. You can see animals such as coyotes, beavers, black bears and porcupines. There are also over 540 different plant species in the park.